Miki Shimada

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Flutamide is used for prostate cancer therapy but occasionally induces severe liver injury. Flutamide is hydrolyzed in the body into 5-amino-2-nitrobenzotrifluoride (FLU-1) and then further oxidized. In our previous study, N-hydroxy FLU-1 (FLU-1 N-OH) was detected in the urine of patients and exhibited cytotoxicity in rat primary hepatocytes. In the present(More)
Human organic anion transporter OATP4C1 is a member of the OATP family predominantly expressed in the kidney, and contributes to the renal secretion of digoxin. However, little is known about the characteristics of OATP4C1-madiated transport. We examined the transport of estrone 3-sulfate, which is known as a substrate for other OATPs, by OATP4C1-expressing(More)
Since sulfation is the main metabolic pathway of troglitazone, accounting for about 70% of the metabolites detected in human plasma, we have aimed to identify human cytosolic sulfotransferases catalyzing the sulfation of troglitazone and to examine a possible role of the sulfation in the cytotoxicity observed in cell lines of human origin (HepG2 and Hep3B).(More)
Supplement of 1% lithocholic acid (LCA) in the diet for 5-9 days resulted in elevated levels of the marker for liver damage aspartate aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase activities in both farnesoid X receptor (FXR)-null and wild-type female mice. The levels were clearly higher in wild-type mice than in FXR-null mice, despite the diminished expression(More)
Sirolimus is a widely used immunosuppressant that requires therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM). We optimized a preanalytical procedure that allows for the accurate quantiation of sirolimus in whole blood by LC/ESI-MS/MS with minimal matrix effects. Sirolimus is highly lipophilic, and solvents containing greater than 50% methanol were required to maintain(More)
Although catecholamine sulfation is higher in the kidney than in the liver of mice, no detectable amounts of previously reported sulfotransferases (STs) such as St1a, St1b, St1c, and St1e were expressed in mouse kidney cytosols. A new sulfotransferase (St1d1) cDNA was isolated from kidney cDNA library of BALB/c strain by reverse transcription-polymerase(More)
Three C(27) bile acids were found to be major biliary bile acids in the capuchinbird (Perissocephalus tricolor) and bare-throated bellbird (Procnias nudicollis), both members of the Cotingidae family of the order Passeriformes. The individual bile acids were isolated by preparative RP-HPLC, and their structures were established by RP-HPLC, LC/ESI-MS/MS and(More)
(22E)-3alpha,6alpha,7alpha,12alpha-Tetrahydroxy-5beta-chol-22-en-24-oic acid and its N-acylamidated conjugates with glycine or taurine were synthesized from cholic acid. The key reactions employed are: 1) degradation of the side chain in intermediary C(24) 3alpha,6alpha,7alpha,12alpha-tetrahydroxylated bile acid to the corresponding C(22)(More)
A hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase (ST2A1) was identified as a form mediating neurosteroid sulfation in rat brain. The sole expression among known rat ST2A forms was indicated by brain RT-PCR. All nucleotide sequences of seven ST2A cDNA clones isolated from brain matched completely with that of hepatic ST2A1. The recombinant ST2A1 protein mediated(More)
Hepatic organic anion transporters OATP1B1 and OATP1B3 are expressed at the sinusoidal membrane of hepatocytes and contribute to the hepatic uptake of a wide variety of clinically used drugs. To identify the antibiotics that interact with the human organic anion transporters OATP1B1 and OATP1B3, we applied a screening system using fluorescent probes.(More)