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Supplement of 1% lithocholic acid (LCA) in the diet for 5-9 days resulted in elevated levels of the marker for liver damage aspartate aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase activities in both farnesoid X receptor (FXR)-null and wild-type female mice. The levels were clearly higher in wild-type mice than in FXR-null mice, despite the diminished expression(More)
Since sulfation is the main metabolic pathway of troglitazone, accounting for about 70% of the metabolites detected in human plasma, we have aimed to identify human cytosolic sulfotransferases catalyzing the sulfation of troglitazone and to examine a possible role of the sulfation in the cytotoxicity observed in cell lines of human origin (HepG2 and Hep3B).(More)
Human organic anion transporter OATP4C1 is a member of the OATP family predominantly expressed in the kidney, and contributes to the renal secretion of digoxin. However, little is known about the characteristics of OATP4C1-madiated transport. We examined the transport of estrone 3-sulfate, which is known as a substrate for other OATPs, by OATP4C1-expressing(More)
Hepatic organic anion transporters OATP1B1 and OATP1B3 are expressed at the sinusoidal membrane of hepatocytes and contribute to the hepatic uptake of a wide variety of clinically used drugs. To identify the antibiotics that interact with the human organic anion transporters OATP1B1 and OATP1B3, we applied a screening system using fluorescent probes.(More)
AIMS Immunosuppressive drugs could be crucial factors for a poor outcome after islet allotransplantation. Unlike rapamycin, the effects of tacrolimus, the current standard immunosuppressant used in islet transplantation, on graft revascularization remain unclear. We examined the effects of tacrolimus on islet revascularization using a highly sensitive(More)
Although gemcitabine is the most effective chemotherapeutic agent against pancreatic cancer, a growing concern is that a substantial number of patients acquire gemcitabine chemoresistance. To elucidate the mechanisms of acquisition of gemcitabine resistance, we developed gemcitabine-resistant cell lines from six human cancer cell lines; three pancreatic,(More)
We developed a sensitive, reliable, and accurate LC/ESI-MS/MS method for measurement of 3β-sulfooxy-7β-N-acetylglucosaminyl-5-cholen-24-oic acid and its glycine and taurine amides in urine. This atypical C24 bile acid has been reported previously to be present in the urine of patients with Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC) disease. In the method, targeted analytes(More)
(22E)-3alpha,6alpha,7alpha,12alpha-Tetrahydroxy-5beta-chol-22-en-24-oic acid and its N-acylamidated conjugates with glycine or taurine were synthesized from cholic acid. The key reactions employed are: 1) degradation of the side chain in intermediary C(24) 3alpha,6alpha,7alpha,12alpha-tetrahydroxylated bile acid to the corresponding C(22)(More)
Three C(27) bile acids were found to be major biliary bile acids in the capuchinbird (Perissocephalus tricolor) and bare-throated bellbird (Procnias nudicollis), both members of the Cotingidae family of the order Passeriformes. The individual bile acids were isolated by preparative RP-HPLC, and their structures were established by RP-HPLC, LC/ESI-MS/MS and(More)
Natriuretic substances are a group of molecules affecting sodium homeostasis in the body. Recently, two new molecules having natriuresis effects, xanthurenic acid 8-O-beta-d-glucoside and xanthurenic acid 8-O-sulfate (XA sulfate), have been isolated from human urine. In the present study, we have investigated the sulfation of xanthurenic acid (XA) in mouse(More)