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Recent models in word recognition have assumed that a word activation device which is based upon phonemes is universal. The present study has attempted to investigate this proposal with Japanese school children without knowledge of Roman alphabet. The main question addressed in this study is to test whether Japanese school children without Roman alphabet(More)
INTRODUCTION Although pedicle or lateral mass screws are usually chosen to fix atlantoaxial (C1-C2) instability, there is an increased risk for vertebral artery (VA) injury when used in patients with bone or arterial anomalies or osteoporotic bone. Here we report the C1 posterior arch screw as a new technique for upper cervical fixation. CASE DESCRIPTION(More)
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