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To determine factors that contribute to the learning deficits observed in individuals with fetal alcohol syndrome, we examined the effects of early postnatal ethanol exposure on forms of synaptic plasticity thought to underlie memory. Treatment of rat pups with ethanol on postnatal day 7 impaired the induction of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-dependent(More)
A prospective study was conducted on 10 normal male volunteers to investigate the effect of the administration of excess iodide on thyroid volume. After 1 week of dietary iodide restriction, all subjects were given daily oral doses (27 mg daily total iodine dose) of licorice lecithin-bound iodine tablets for 4 weeks. Thyroid function studies, total serum(More)
CD10 is a cell surface neutral endopeptidase that is not consistently expressed in the stromal cells of the normal breast. Expression of CD10 is sometimes observed in the stromal cells of invasive ductal carcinoma, but its clinical significance has never been studied. Immunohistochemical examination of CD10 was performed in 123 cases of breast cancer. The(More)
Mcm10 (Dna43), first identified in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is an essential protein which functions in the initiation of DNA synthesis. Mcm10 is a nuclear protein that is localized to replication origins and mediates the interaction of the Mcm2-7 complex with replication origins. We identified and cloned a human cDNA whose product was structurally(More)
We developed a new ultrasonic scanner for the thyroid and, in this study, the estimated volumes of the thyroids by this scanner were compared with the weights of those obtained at operation. In this ultrasonic scanner, an annular array transducer was employed instead of the conventional single element concave transducer. The distance of the focused area by(More)
In three separate studies, members of the American Thyroid Association (ATA), the European Thyroid Association (ETA), and the Japan Thyroid Association (JTA) were surveyed by questionnaire on their management of Graves' disease. The aim was to determine how expert clinical thyroidologists employ diagnostic procedures and the three different therapies that(More)
The glycoprotein vitronectin (also called S-protein, serum spreading factor, or epibolin) promotes spreading of a variety of cultured cells, inhibits the cytotoxicity of membrane attack complex C5b-9, and modulates thrombin-antithrombin III activity. We developed a strikingly simple method to purify vitronectin from human plasma by heparin affinity(More)
BACKGROUND Mice with cardiac-specific overexpression of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) are resistant to doxorubicin-induced damage. The STAT3 signal may be involved in the detoxification of reactive oxygen species (ROS). METHODS AND RESULTS The effects of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) or adenovirus-mediated transfection of(More)
Acute renal failure (ARF) is a life-threatening disease that often causes multiple organ dysfunction. The accurate and rapid diagnosis of the cause of ARF is particularly important for selecting the appropriate therapy. Ultrasound Doppler is a noninvasive diagnostic method that has recently been introduced to clinical nephrology. We report the diagnostic(More)
OBJECTIVE To elucidate the current thyroid disease status for the Nagasaki Adult Health Study cohort of the Radiation Effects Research Foundation. DESIGN Survey study. SETTING Nagasaki, Japan. PARTICIPANTS Cohort members of the Nagasaki Adult Health Study who received biennial health examinations from October 1984 to April 1987 (n = 2856). A total of(More)