Miki Hiroi

Learn More
The innate immunity to viral infections induces a potent antiviral response mediated by interferons (IFN). Although IFN-gamma is detected during the acute stages of illness in the upper respiratory tract secretions and in the serum of influenza A virus-infected individuals, control of influenza A virus is not dependent upon IFN-gamma as evidenced by studies(More)
CXC ligand 10 (CXCL10) and CXCL9 are chemoattractants for activated T cells and possess angiostatic activity. Both CXCL9 and CXCL10 have been considered as important components for the anti-tumour activities of interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) and interleukin-12 in animal models. In this article we show that the CXCL9 and CXCL10 genes in some types of human(More)
Signal transducers and activators of transcription 1 (STAT1) and NF-kappaB cooperatively regulate the expression of many inflammatory genes. In the present study, we demonstrate that the transcriptional coactivator CREB-binding protein (CBP) mediated the STAT1/NF-kappaB synergy for transcription of the gene for CXC ligand 9 (CXCL9), an interferon-gamma(More)
Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is a signature molecule involved in the classical activation of M1 macrophages and is induced by the Nos2 gene upon stimulation with Th1-cell derived interferon-gamma (IFNγ) and bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Although the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-4 is known to inhibit Nos2 gene expression, the molecular(More)
Tumor hypoxia is associated with tumor promotion, malignant progression, and resistance to cancer therapy. The hypoxia-induced phenotypic changes in tumors result, at least partially, from the induction of hypoxia-responsive genes, such as chemokine receptor CXCR4. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a critical transcription factor involved in the(More)
CXC ligand 10 (CXCL10) and CXCL9 are chemoattractants for activated T cells and possess angiostatic activity. Both CXCL9 and CXCL10 have been considered as important components for the anti-tumour activities of interferon-γ (IFNγ ) and interleukin12 in animal models. In this article we show that the CXCL9 and CXCL10 genes in some types of human tumour cell(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) has an antiproliferative effect on a variety of tumor cells. However, many tumor cells resist treatment with IFNs. Here, we show that IFNgamma fails to inhibit the growth of some types of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells that possess a fully functional IFNgamma/STAT1 (signal transducer and activator of transcription-1)(More)
Sulindac, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, has been shown to exert an anti-tumor effect on several types of cancer. To determine the effect of sulindac on intracellular signaling pathways in host immune cells such as macrophages, we investigated the effect of the drug on interferon gamma (IFNgamma)-induced expression of signal transducer and(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are a major cellular component in the tumor microenvironment of many solid tumors. The functional competence of TAMs varies depending on the type of tumors and their respective microenvironments. The classically activated M1 macrophages exhibit antitumor functions, whereas the alternatively activated M2 macrophages(More)
We have previously isolated GRIM-19, a novel growth suppressor, using a genetic method. GRIM-19 ablates cell growth by inhibiting the transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). Up-regulation of STAT3 and growth promotion were observed in a number of human tumors. Although the tumor-suppressive actions of GRIM-19 are(More)