Miki Fukumoto

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It has been reported that the rho genes, which consist of a ras-related small GTPase protein family, regulate cytoskeletal structures and have the potential to transform cultured cells. To investigate the biological relevance of the rho genes in pancreatic carcinogenesis, we examined expressions of the rhoA, B and C genes by polymerase chain reaction after(More)
Alteration of expression levels of the nm23 genes has previously been correlated with metastatic status of ovarian epithelial carcinoma. To elucidate the relevance of the qualitative changes of the nm23 genes to progression of ovarian carcinoma and/or to nm23 expression levels of the tumour, 41 samples of epithelial ovarian tumours [three benign, three low(More)
Nodal signaling induces the formation of the endoderm and mesoderm during gastrulation. Nodal expression persists until the definitive endoderm progenitor has completely formed, and disappears thereafter. A tightly regulated Nodal expression system is essential for the differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cells into distinct tissue lineages. On this(More)
Downregulation of cell-cell adhesion and upregulation of cell migration play critical roles in the conversion of benign tumors to aggressive invasive cancers. In this study, we show that changes in cell-cell adhesion and cancer cell migration/invasion capacity depend on the level of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate [PI(4)P] in the Golgi apparatus in breast(More)
We previously demonstrated that colony stimulating factor (CSF)-producing cell lines co-produce interleukin-1 (IL-1) and IL-6 in addition to CSFs. In the present study, we examined the role of IL-1 production in three human tumour cell lines producing granulocyte (G)-CSF, IL-1 and IL-6. Addition of anti-human IL-1 alpha antiserum to the culture caused a(More)
Success in islet transplantation-based therapies for type 1 diabetes mellitus and an extreme shortage of pancreatic islets have motivated recent efforts to develop renewable sources of islet-replacement tissue. Although pancreatic progenitor cells hold a promising potential, only a few attempts have been made at the prospective isolation of pancreatic(More)
α-Actinins (ACTNs) are known to crosslink actin filaments at focal adhesions in migrating cells. Among the four isoforms of mammalian ACTNs, ACTN1 and ACTN4 are ubiquitously expressed. Recently, ACTN4 was reported to enhance cancer cell motility, invasion, and metastasis. However, the mechanism by which ACTN4 drives these malignant phenotypes remains(More)
Phosphoinositides play pivotal roles in the regulation of cancer cell phenotypes. Among them, phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate (PI(3,4)P2 ) localizes to the invadopodia, and positively regulates tumor cell invasion. In this study, we examined the effect of PI(3,4)P2 on focal adhesion dynamics in MDA-MB-231 basal breast cancer cells. Knockdown of SHIP2,(More)
BACKGROUND Adjuvant therapy for colorectal cancer (CRC) in patients aged ≥75 years is supported by inadequate evidence, although such patients are increasing in number worldwide. PATIENTS AND METHODS We assessed the influence of age and comorbidities on the prognosis of CRC in elderly patients using pooled data by the Japanese Study Group for(More)
Cancer vaccine application is limited to specific cancer types because few cancer-associated antigens are known to induce tumor rejection. Accordingly, we assessed the utility of Ad881, an oncolytic adenovirus in which viral replication was strictly regulated by the cancer-specific midkine promoter, as a cancer vaccine in a murine colorectal cancer model(More)