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(R)-Trichostatin A (TSA) is a Streptomyces product which causes the induction of Friend cell differentiation and specific inhibition of the cell cycle of normal rat fibroblasts in the G1 and G2 phases at the very low concentrations. We found that TSA caused an accumulation of acetylated histone species in a variety of mammalian cell lines. Pulse-labeling(More)
Size exclusion chromatography of the cytosolic fraction of SecA-overproducing cells of Escherichia coli suggested that SecA, an essential component of the secretory machinery, exists as an oligomer. The subunit structure of SecA was then studied using a purified specimen. Estimation of the molecular mass by means of ultracentrifugation and chemical(More)
SecA interacts with presecretory proteins through recognition of the positive charge at the amino terminus of the signal peptide (Akita, M., Sasaki, S., Matsuyama, S., and Mizushima, S. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 8164-8169). A large variety of amino-terminal and carboxyl-terminal fragments of SecA were prepared in 6 M guanidine hydrochloride. SecA analogues(More)
SecA is an acidic, peripheral membrane protein involved in the translocation of secretory proteins across the cytoplasmic membrane. The direct interaction of SecA with secretory proteins was demonstrated by means of chemical cross-linking with 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminoprophyl)carbodiimide. OmpF-Lpp, a model secretory protein, carries either an uncleavable(More)
SecA is an essential component of the protein secretory machinery of Escherichia coli. SecA denatured in 6 M guanidine hydrochloride was quantitatively renatured through dilution and dialysis. The renatured SecA was the same as native SecA as to the CD spectrum, fluorescence spectrum for tryptophan residues and dimeric structures. It was as functionally(More)
Some of homeodomain proteins and the ETS family of transcription factors are involved in hematopoiesis. RT-PCR analysis revealed that the HOXC13 and PU.1 genes were expressed in murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells and their levels decreased during DMSO-induced differentiation into erythroid cells. HOXC13 bound to the ETS domain of PU.1 through a region(More)
To examine the possibility that ETS family transcription factors, PU.1, SPI-B, ELF-1, ERG-3, ETS-1 and TEL, and homeodomain proteins, HOXA10, HOXC13, MEIS1 and PBX1B, function cooperatively, we investigated their interactions. In luciferase assays, HOXA10 and HOXC13 augmented the activity of PU.1 and SPI-B while diminishing that of ELF-1 and ERG-3. MEIS1(More)
Although peroxisomal bifunctional enzyme (enoyl-CoA hydratase/L-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase; BE) is a positive marker for peroxisome proliferation, it is completely absent or expressed very weakly in rat hepatic preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions induced by peroxisome proliferators (PP). After administration of PP for 8-15 weeks, some rats exhibit(More)
Most models of hereditary hypotrichosis are due to alterations in growth factors and transcription factors, and the examples of causative mutations in hair keratin genes are limited. The Hirosaki hairless rat (HHR) is a mutant strain spontaneously derived from Sprague-Dawley rats (SDRs). In this study, the locus of the responsible gene was examined by(More)
Hirosaki hairless rat (HHR) is a mutant strain spontaneously derived from Sprague-Dawley rats (SDR), and its inheritance is autosomal recessive. In addition to hair loss, female HHRs show involution of the mammary gland at an early stage of lactation. In the present study we investigated the mammary gland development in HHR. Morphological examinations(More)