Mikhail Yu Balakshin

Learn More
The conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to fuel ethanol typically involves a disruptive pretreatment process followed by enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis of the cellulose and hemicellulose components to fermentable sugars. Attempts to improve process economics include protein engineering of cellulases, xylanases and related hydrolases to improve their specific(More)
A detailed approach for the quantification of different lignin structures in milled wood lignin (MWL) has been suggested using a combination of NMR techniques. 1H-13C heteronuclear multiple quantum coherence and quantitative 13C NMR of nonacetylated and acetylated spruce MWL have been found to have a synergetic effect, resulting in significant progress in(More)
A quantitative approach to characterize lignin–carbohydrate complex (LCC) linkages using a combination of quantitative 13C NMR and HSQC 2D NMR techniques has been developed. Crude milled wood lignin (MWLc), LCC extracted from MWLc with acetic acid (LCC-AcOH) and cellulolytic enzyme lignin (CEL) preparations were isolated from loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) and(More)
Comparative studies on the structures of residual and dissolved lignins isolated from pine kraft pulp and pulping liquor have been undertaken using the (1)H-(13)C HMQC NMR technique, GPC, and sugar analysis to elucidate the reaction mechanisms in kraft pulping and the lignin reactivity. A modified procedure for the isolation of enzymatic residual lignins(More)
The structure of Eucalyptus grandis milled wood lignin (MWL) was investigated by 2D 1H-13C HSQC, HMQC, and 1H-1H TOCSY correlation NMR techniques and by quantitative 13C NMR as well as by the permanganate oxidation degradation technique. The combination of 2D NMR and quantitative 13C NMR spectroscopy of nonacetylated and acetylated lignin preparations(More)
A comprehensive lignin structure analysis of ten industrially relevant hardwood species is presented. Milled wood lignin (MWL) was isolated from each species using a modified protocol and all milled wood lignin preparations were analyzed through quantitative (13)C NMR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, methoxyl analysis, sugar analysis, and nitrobenzene(More)
  • 1