Mikhail Y. Lipin
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Direction-selective ganglion cells (DSGCs) respond selectively to motion toward a "preferred" direction, but much less to motion toward the opposite "null" direction. Directional signals in the DSGC… Expand
Coding a wide range of light intensities in natural scenes poses a challenge for the retina: adaptation to bright light should not compromise sensitivity to dim light. Here we report a novel form of… Expand
The outer retina removes the first-order correlation, the background light level, and thus more efficiently transmits contrast. This removal is accomplished by negative feedback from horizontal cell… Expand
Most retinal bipolar cells (BCs) transmit visual input from photoreceptors to ganglion cells using graded potentials, but some also generate calcium or sodium spikes. Sodium spikes are thought to… Expand
Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) encode light intensity and trigger reflexive responses to changes in environmental illumination. In addition to functioning as… Expand