Mikhail V Kozlov

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Concentrations of nickel and copper, two principal metal pollutants of the 'Severonikel' smelter at Monchegorsk, NW Russia, were measured in unwashed leaves of mountain birch, Betula pubescens subsp. czerepanovii, collected in eight study sites along the pollution gradient during 1991-2003. In spite of significant decline in metal emissions, concentrations(More)
The commentary by Tatarnikov (2005) on the design and analysis of manipulative experiments in ecology represents an obvious danger to readers with poor knowledge of modern statistics due to its erroneous interpretation of pseudoreplication and statistical independence. Here we offer clarification of those concepts--and related ones such as experimental unit(More)
Growing interest in belowground herbivory and the remarkable diversity of the accumulated information on this topic inspired us to quantitatively explore the variation in the outcomes of individual studies. We conducted a meta-analysis of 85 experimental studies reporting the effects of root-feeding insect herbivores (36 species) on plants (75 species). On(More)
The majority of generalisations concerning plant responses to herbivory are based on studies of natural or simulated defoliation. However, effects caused by insects feeding on plant sap are likely to differ from the effects of folivory. We assessed the general patterns and sources of variation in the effects of sap feeding on growth, photosynthesis, and(More)
An outbreak of leaf beetle Melasoma lapponica in two localities around the Severonikel smelter in Kola Peninsula, north-west Russia, resulted in severe defoliation of Salix borealis, observed for the first time in August 1993 and then again in 1994 and 1995. Before the first severe defoliation, in July 1993, performance of M. lapponica larvae in plots with(More)
We investigated root versus canopy uptake of nickel and copper by mountain birch, Betula pubescens subsp. czerepanovi, close to a nickel-copper smelter on the Kola Peninsula, northwest Russia. To distinguish between aerial contamination of leaf surfaces by dust particles and root-derived contamination of leaves by soluble metals, we transplanted seedlings(More)
Mountain birch, Betula pubescens subsp. czerepanovii (Orlova) Hamet-Ahti, is one of the very few woody plants surviving in the heavily polluted industrial barrens of the Kola Peninsula, north-western Russia. The present study was designed to find out whether long-lasting pollution impact caused selection of resistant birch genotypes, and to investigate(More)
We studied host-plant preference and performance of the leaf beetle, Melasoma lapponica, around Severonikel smelter situated in Monchegorsk, Russia. The breadth of feeding niche (Smith's measure) based on both field counts and preference tests decreased with an increase of ambient SO2 concentration, but showed no relationship with either metal pollutants or(More)
The use of differential statistics to test for treatment effect with data from experiments where either treatments were not replicated (though samples may be) or replicates are not statistically independent leads to serious methodological problem. This problem, discovered by Hurbert (1984), is called pseudoreplication. Due to unknown reasons,(More)
Under an artificial light:dark cycle, females of Lampronia capitella were observed calling, with extended terminal abdominal segments, during the first 2 hr of the photoperiod. Extracts of terminal abdominal segments from females elicited large electroantennographic responses from male antennae. Gas chromatography with electroantennographicDetection(More)