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In 2009, the Nomenclature Committee on Cell Death (NCCD) proposed a set of recommendations for the definition of distinct cell death morphologies and for the appropriate use of cell death-related terminology, including 'apoptosis', 'necrosis' and 'mitotic catastrophe'. In view of the substantial progress in the biochemical and genetic exploration of cell(More)
Although hypoxia (lack of oxygen in body tissues) is perhaps the most physiological inducer of the wild-type p53 gene, the mechanism of this induction is unknown. Cells may detect low oxygen levels through a haem-containing sensor protein. The hypoxic state can be mimicked by using cobalt chloride and the iron chelator desferrioxamine: like hypoxia, cobalt(More)
Here we show that p53 protein is physically associated with tubulin in vivo and in vitro, and that it localizes to cellular microtubules. Treatment with vincristine or paclitaxel before DNA-damage or before leptomycin B treatment reduces nuclear accumulation of p53 and expression of mdm2 and p21. Overexpression of dynamitin or microinjection of anti-dynein(More)
PURPOSE The primary objectives of this trial were to define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and to characterize the toxicities and pharmacokinetics of depsipeptide (FR901228) given on a day-1 and day-5 schedule every 21 days. A secondary objective of the trial was to seek evidence of antineoplastic activity. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with advanced or(More)
The nutrient-sensing TOR (target of rapamycin) pathway is involved in cellular and organismal aging. Rapamycin, an inhibitor of TOR, extends lifespan in yeast, fruit flies and genetically heterogeneous mice. Here, we demonstrate that lifelong administration of rapamycin extends lifespan in female 129/Sv mice characterized by normal mean lifespan of 2 y.(More)
Cell death is essential for a plethora of physiological processes, and its deregulation characterizes numerous human diseases. Thus, the in-depth investigation of cell death and its mechanisms constitutes a formidable challenge for fundamental and applied biomedical research, and has tremendous implications for the development of novel therapeutic(More)
Taxol stabilizes microtubules, prevents tubulin depolymerization, and promotes tubulin bundling and is one of the most effective drugs for the treatment of metastatic breast and ovarian cancer. Although its interaction with tubulin has been well characterized, the mechanism by which taxol induces growth arrest and cytotoxicity is not well understood.(More)
Recent evidence indicates that anti-apoptotic functions of BcI-2 can be regulated by its phosphorylation. According to the 'mitotic arrest-induced' model, multi-site phosphorylation of the BcI-2 loop domain is followed by cell death. In contrast, in cytokine-dependent cell lines, cytokines mediate phosphorylation of BcI-2 on S70, preventing apoptosis. As(More)
c-Raf-1 (Raf-1) is a central component of signal transduction pathways stimulated by various growth factors, protein kinase C, and other protein kinases. Raf-1 activation is thought to be initiated at the plasma membrane after its recruitment by Ras. Raf-1 activation is associated primarily with proliferation and cell survival, but it has also been(More)