Learn More
A birch pollen emission model is described and its main features are discussed. The development of the model is based on a double-threshold temperature sum model that describes the propagation of the flowering season and naturally links to the thermal time models to predict the onset and duration of flowering. For the flowering season, the emission model(More)
An evaluation of performance of the System for Integrated modeLling of Atmospheric coMposition (SILAM) in application to birch pollen dispersion is presented. The system is described in a companion paper whereas the current study evaluates the model sensitivity to details of the pollen emission module parameterisation and to the meteorological input data.(More)
The impact of airborne pollen to human health has been recognized as being important, while several studies are suggesting that the synergy between high pollen concentrations and air pollutants may induce and exacerbate allergic reactions, thus affecting overall quality of life of citizens. In this paper, the detailed pollen, air quality and meteorological(More)
We have developed a simple statistical model for the estimation of the long-range transport (LRT) contribution to PM 2.5 concentrations. The modelling is based on linear regressions of the 'Co-operative programme for monitoring and evaluating the long-range transmission of air pollutants in Europe' (EMEP) background ionic components (SO 4 2À , NO 3 À , NH 4(More)
Four regional chemistry transport models were applied to simulate the concentration and composition of particulate matter (PM) in Europe for 2005 with horizontal resolution ∼ 20 km. The modelled concentrations were compared with the measurements of PM chemical composition by the European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP) monitoring network. All(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the recent developments in physically and chemically based analysis of atmospheric particles, no models exist for resolving the spatial variability of pollen concentration at urban scale. OBJECTIVES We developed a land use regression (LUR) approach for predicting spatial fine-scale allergenic pollen concentrations in the Helsinki(More)
Ozone air pollution is identified as one of the main threats bearing upon human health and ecosystems, with 25 000 deaths in 2005 attributed to surface ozone in Europe (IIASA 2013 TSAP Report #10). In addition, there is a concern that climate change could negate ozone pollution mitigation strategies, making them insufficient over the long run and(More)
  • 1