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This paper presents a methodology for achieving efficient multi-domain underactuated bipedal walking on compliant robots by formally emulating gaits produced by the Spring Loaded Inverted Pendulum (SLIP). With the goal of achieving locomotion that displays phases of double and single support, a hybrid system model is formulated that faithfully represents(More)
We present a reduced-order approach for robust, dynamic, and efficient bipedal locomotion control, culminating in 3D balancing and walking with ATRIAS, a heavily underactuated legged robot. These results are a development toward solving a number of enduring challenges in bipedal locomotion: achieving robust 3D gaits at various speeds and transitioning(More)
A common approach in designing legged robots is to build fully actuated machines and control the machine dynamics entirely in software, carefully avoiding impacts and expending a lot of energy. However, these machines are outperformed by their human and animal counterparts. Animals achieve their impressive agility, efficiency, and robustness through a close(More)
We investigate the task-optimality of legged limit cycles and present numerical evidence supporting a simple general locomotion-planning template. Limit cycles have been foundational to the control and analysis of legged systems, but as robots move toward completing real-world tasks, are limit cycles practical in the long run? We address this question both(More)
ATRIAS is a human-scale 3D-capable bipedal robot designed to mechanically embody the spring-mass model for dynamic walking and running. To help bring the extensive work on this theoretical model further into practice, we present the design and validation of a spring-mass robot which can operate in real-world settings (i.e., off-tether and without(More)
Legged robots enjoy kilohertz control rates but are still making incremental gains towards becoming as nimble as animals. In contrast, bipedal animals are amazingly robust runners despite lagged state feedback from protracted neuromechanical delays. Based on evidence from biological experiments, we posit that much of disturbance rejection can be offloaded(More)
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