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  • Influence
Excessive discounting of delayed reinforcers as a trans-disease process contributing to addiction and other disease-related vulnerabilities: emerging evidence.
TLDR
It is argued that delay discounting is a trans-disease process, undergirded by an imbalance between two competing neurobehavioral decision systems. Expand
A 5-trial adjusting delay discounting task: accurate discount rates in less than one minute.
TLDR
It is found that discount rates were similar and correlated between the 5-trial adjusting delay task and the adjusting amount task and were greater for consumable rewards than with money, although the authors did not control for amount in this comparison. Expand
Effects of selective dopaminergic compounds on a delay-discounting task
TLDR
None of the selective agonists and antagonists tested reduced impulsive choice, so further research is needed to determine if direct dopaminergic agonists or antagonists may be therapeutically useful in the treatment of impulse-control disorders. Expand
The behavioral economics of substance use disorders: reinforcement pathologies and their repair.
TLDR
The overall goal of this review is to present a new understanding of substance use disorders as viewed by recent advances in behavioral economics. Expand
The behavioral- and neuro-economic process of temporal discounting: A candidate behavioral marker of addiction
TLDR
Initial evidence supports temporal discounting as a candidate behavioral marker for addiction and suggests that it acts as a gauge of addiction severity, correlates with all stages of addiction development, and changes with effective treatment. Expand
A modified exponential behavioral economic demand model to better describe consumption data.
TLDR
An exponentiated version of the Hursh and Silberberg equation provides better fits to the data, is able to fit all consumption values including zero, and more accurately produces true parameter values. Expand
Unstuck in time: episodic future thinking reduces delay discounting and cigarette smoking
TLDR
The effects of EFT on delay discounting generalize to smokers; EFT also reduces laboratory-based cigarette self-administration and potential mechanisms of E FT’s effects are discussed as well as implications for clinical treatment of substance-use disorders. Expand
Identification of a Dopamine Transporter Ligand That Blocks the Stimulant Effects of Cocaine
TLDR
The antagonism of cocaine suggests that DAT ligands with reduced cocaine-like activity can function as cocaine antagonists and suggests JHW007 as a lead for discovery of cocaine-abuse pharmacotherapeutics. Expand
Identification and management of nonsystematic purchase task data: Toward best practice.
TLDR
This work introduces and evaluates an algorithm (derived from prior methods) for identifying nonsystematic demand data, wherein individual participants' demand functions are judged against 2 general, empirically based assumptions: (a) global, price-dependent reduction in consumption and (b) consistency in purchasing across prices. Expand
Individual differences in discount rate are associated with demand for self‐administered cocaine, but not sucrose
TLDR
It is suggested that impulsive choice in rats is positively associated with valuation of cocaine, but not sucrose, indicating that rats having higher discount rates also valued cocaine more. Expand
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