Mikhail Laryukhin

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This paper reports on the development of a new structural biology technique for determining the membrane topology of an integral membrane protein inserted into magnetically aligned phospholipid bilayers (bicelles) using EPR spectroscopy. The nitroxide spin probe, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl-4-amino-4-carboxylic acid (TOAC), was attached to the(More)
Nitrogenase is the metalloenzyme that catalyzes the nucleotide-dependent reduction of N(2), as well as reduction of a variety of other triply bonded substrates, including the alkyne, acetylene. Substitution of the alpha-70(Val) residue in the nitrogenase MoFe protein by alanine expands the range of substrates to include short-chain alkynes not reduced by(More)
Substitution of the MoFe protein alpha-70(Val) residue with Ala or Gly expands the substrate range of nitrogenase, allowing the reduction of larger alkynes, including propargyl alcohol (HC[triple bond]CCH(2)OH). Herein, we report characterization of the alpha-70(Val)(-->)(Ala) MoFe protein with propargyl alcohol trapped at the active site. The alpha-70(Ala)(More)
A major challenge in understanding the mechanism of nitrogenase, the enzyme responsible for the biological fixation of N(2) to two ammonias, is to trap a nitrogenous substrate at the enzyme active site in a state that is amenable to further characterization. In the present work, a strategy is described that results in the trapping of the substrate hydrazine(More)
A high-resolution (1.16 A) X-ray structure of the nitrogenase molybdenum-iron (MoFe) protein revealed electron density from a single N, O, or C atom (denoted X) inside the central iron prismane ([6Fe]) of the [MoFe7S9:homocitrate] FeMo-cofactor (FeMo-co). We here extend earlier efforts to determine the identity of X through detailed tests of whether X = N(More)
We here show that the iron-molybdenum (FeMo)-cofactor of the nitrogenase alpha-70(Ile) molybdenum-iron (MoFe) protein variant accumulates a novel S = (1)/(2) state that can be trapped during the reduction of protons to H(2). (1,2)H-ENDOR measurements disclose the presence of two protons/hydrides (H(+/)(-)) whose hyperfine tensors have been determined from(More)
X-ray crystallographic study of the nitrogenase MoFe protein revealed electron density from an atom (denoted X) inside the active-site metal cluster, the [MoFe7S9:homocitrate] FeMo-cofactor. The electron density associated with X is consistent with a single N, O, or C atom. We now have tested whether X is an N or not by comparing the Q-band ENDOR and ESEEM(More)
This communication reports for the first time the determination of the helical tilt of an integral membrane peptide inserted into aligned phospholipids bilayer nanotube arrays using spin label EPR spectroscopy. Also, we demonstrate herein how the helical tilt of the peptide can be easily calculated using the hyperfine splitting values gleaned from a(More)
Nitrogenase catalyzes the sequential addition of six electrons and six protons to a N2 that is bound to the active site metal cluster FeMo-cofactor, yielding two ammonia molecules. The nature of the intermediates bound to FeMo-cofactor along this reduction pathway remains unknown, although it has been suggested that there are intermediates at the level of(More)