Learn More
Helicases are molecular motors that use the energy of nucleoside 5'-triphosphate (NTP) hydrolysis to translocate along a nucleic acid strand and catalyse reactions such as DNA unwinding. The ring-shaped helicase of bacteriophage T7 translocates along single-stranded (ss)DNA at a speed of 130 bases per second; however, T7 helicase slows down nearly tenfold(More)
In neurons, many different RNAs are targeted to dendrites where local expression of the encoded proteins mediates synaptic plasticity during learning and memory. It is not known whether each RNA follows a separate trafficking pathway or whether multiple RNAs are targeted to dendrites by the same pathway. Here, we show that RNAs encoding alpha calcium(More)
The helicase from hepatitis C virus (HCV NS3h) residing on the C-terminal domain of nonstructural protein 3 was considered to be monomeric by several researchers. Here we demonstrate, based on biochemical kinetic data, that the HCV helicase acts as an oligomer. The increase in the ATPase k(cat) of the NS3h protein with increasing protein concentration(More)
The helicase of hepatitis C virus (HCV) unwinds nucleic acid using the energy of ATP hydrolysis. The ATPase cycle is believed to induce protein conformational changes to drive helicase translocation along the length of the nucleic acid. We have investigated the energetics of nucleic acid binding by HCV helicase to understand how the nucleotide ligation(More)
Nuclear transport requires freely diffusing nuclear transport proteins to facilitate movement of cargo molecules through the nuclear pore. We analyzed dynamic properties of importin alpha, importin beta, Ran and NTF2 in nucleus, cytoplasm and at the nuclear pore of neuroblastoma cells using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy. Mobile components were(More)
Although helicases participate in virtually every cellular process involving nucleic acids, the details of their mechanism including the role of interaction between the subunits remains unclear. Here we study the unwinding kinetics of the helicase from hepatitis C virus using DNA substrates with a range of tail and duplex lengths. The binding of the(More)
Helicases are motor proteins that use the chemical energy of NTP hydrolysis to drive mechanical processes such as translocation and nucleic acid strand separation. Bacteriophage T7 helicase functions as a hexameric ring to drive the replication complex by separating the DNA strands during genome replication. Our studies show that T7 helicase unwinds DNA(More)
The ability of a helicase to bind single-stranded nucleic acid is critical for nucleic acid unwinding. The helicase from the hepatitis C virus, NS3 protein, binds to the 3'-DNA or the RNA strand during unwinding. As a step to understand the mechanism of unwinding, DNA binding properties of the helicase domain of NS3 (NS3h) were investigated by fluorimetric(More)
Circular clamps tether polymerases to DNA, serving as essential processivity factors in genome replication, and function in other critical cellular processes as well. Clamp loaders catalyze clamp assembly onto DNA, and the question of how these proteins construct a topological link between a clamp and DNA, especially the mechanism by which ATP is utilized(More)
In oligodendrocytes and neurons genetic information is transmitted from the nucleus to dendrites in the form of RNA granules. Here we describe how transport of multiple different RNA molecules in individual granules is analogous to the process of multiplexing in telecommunications. In both cases multiple messages are combined into a composite signal for(More)