Mikhail K Levin

Learn More
In neurons, many different RNAs are targeted to dendrites where local expression of the encoded proteins mediates synaptic plasticity during learning and memory. It is not known whether each RNA follows a separate trafficking pathway or whether multiple RNAs are targeted to dendrites by the same pathway. Here, we show that RNAs encoding alpha calcium(More)
Helicases translocate along their nucleic acid substrates using the energy of ATP hydrolysis and by changing conformations of their nucleic acid-binding sites. Our goal is to characterize the conformational changes of hepatitis C virus (HCV) helicase at different stages of ATPase cycle and to determine how they lead to translocation. We have reported that(More)
Dendritic RNAs are localized and translated in RNA granules. Here we use single-molecule imaging to count the number of RNA molecules in each granule and to record translation output from each granule using Venus fluorescent protein as a reporter. For RNAs encoding activity-regulated cytoskeletal-associated protein (ARC) or fragile X mental retardation(More)
The helicase of hepatitis C virus (HCV) unwinds nucleic acid using the energy of ATP hydrolysis. The ATPase cycle is believed to induce protein conformational changes to drive helicase translocation along the length of the nucleic acid. We have investigated the energetics of nucleic acid binding by HCV helicase to understand how the nucleotide ligation(More)
Although helicases participate in virtually every cellular process involving nucleic acids, the details of their mechanism including the role of interaction between the subunits remains unclear. Here we study the unwinding kinetics of the helicase from hepatitis C virus using DNA substrates with a range of tail and duplex lengths. The binding of the(More)
Helicases are motor proteins that use the chemical energy of NTP hydrolysis to drive mechanical processes such as translocation and nucleic acid strand separation. Bacteriophage T7 helicase functions as a hexameric ring to drive the replication complex by separating the DNA strands during genome replication. Our studies show that T7 helicase unwinds DNA(More)
Helicases are molecular motors that use the energy of nucleoside 5'-triphosphate (NTP) hydrolysis to translocate along a nucleic acid strand and catalyse reactions such as DNA unwinding. The ring-shaped helicase of bacteriophage T7 translocates along single-stranded (ss)DNA at a speed of 130 bases per second; however, T7 helicase slows down nearly tenfold(More)
Nuclear transport requires freely diffusing nuclear transport proteins to facilitate movement of cargo molecules through the nuclear pore. We analyzed dynamic properties of importin alpha, importin beta, Ran and NTF2 in nucleus, cytoplasm and at the nuclear pore of neuroblastoma cells using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy. Mobile components were(More)
The ability of a helicase to bind single-stranded nucleic acid is critical for nucleic acid unwinding. The helicase from the hepatitis C virus, NS3 protein, binds to the 3'-DNA or the RNA strand during unwinding. As a step to understand the mechanism of unwinding, DNA binding properties of the helicase domain of NS3 (NS3h) were investigated by fluorimetric(More)
In oligodendrocytes and neurons genetic information is transmitted from the nucleus to dendrites in the form of RNA granules. Here we describe how transport of multiple different RNA molecules in individual granules is analogous to the process of multiplexing in telecommunications. In both cases multiple messages are combined into a composite signal for(More)