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The potential of effluent DOM to undergo microbial degradation was assessed in batch experiments. Effluent samples from Haifa wastewater treatment plant and Qishon reservoir (Greater Haifa wastewater reclamation complex, Israel) were incubated either with effluent or soil microorganisms for a period of 2-4 months and were characterized by dissolved organic(More)
Sorption capability of bedrock components from a fractured chalk province was evaluated using ametryn, phenanthrene, m-xylene, 2,4,6-tribromophenol, and 1,2-dichloroethane. Sorption isotherms for the four aromatic compounds were nonlinear on gray (unoxidized) chalk. Over the studied solution ranges, the distribution coefficient decreased by factor of 3 for(More)
Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee) is one of the major water resources in Israel. The origin and characteristics of natural organic matter (NOM) in the lake and its tributary rivers were studied using fluorescence excitation emission matrices (EEM) and parallel factor analysis. Two humic-like and one proteinous components were sufficient to describe EEM(More)
Aqueous sorption of phenol, atrazine and naphthalene was measured on complexes formed from Na-montmorillonite (Fischer bentonite) and the organic cationic dyes crystal violet and rhodamine-B. Sorption isotherms were found to be non-linear. This agrees well with the rigid nature of the dye-clay organic coverage, which provides a finite surface for(More)
The effects of carbachol (CCh) on the frequency (f) of the miniature endplate potentials were tested at temperatures between 5 and 30°C. Higher CCh concentrations, 1 × 10−5 and 5 × 10−6 M, reduced the f to 60% and the temperature dependence was negligible. However, an inverse temperature dependence was found when low concentrations 3 × 10−7 and 6 × 10−7 M(More)
Interactions of a wide set of organic compounds with model natural organic matter (NOM, Pahokee peat) were examined using a new approach that converts aqueous sorption to compound transfer from n-hexadecane to the hydrated NOM. This conversion accounts for solute-water interactions and applies the same inert reference medium for all compounds of interest,(More)
Using fluorescence intensity measurements, pyrene interactions with different types of effluent dissolved organic matter (EDOM) originated from treated municipal wastewater are examined. Multiple observations show that fluorescence intensity of pyrene-EDOM solutions is non-linearly related to pyrene concentration, with distinct concave-up dependence.(More)
According to a recent conceptual model for hydration-assisted sorption of organic compounds in natural organic matter (NOM), certain polar moieties of dry NOM are unavailable for compound sorption due to strong intra- and intermolecular NOM interactions. Water molecules solvate these moieties creating new sorption sites at solvated contacts. It is expected(More)
We examine sorption of pyridine by soil organic matter (SOM) from different organic media including n-hexadecane, acetonitrile, acetone, and n-hexadecane mixtures with either acetonitrile or acetone and compare it with sorption from water. By using an activity-based comparison, we distinguish between solvent-assisted and solvent-competitive sorption(More)
Characterization of organic matter (OM) present in treated wastewater (TWW) after various treatment stages is important for optimizing wastewater recycling. The general aim of this research was to carry out a long-term examination of OM in wastewater along the treatment, by applying excitation-emission matrices (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy and parallel(More)