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Cystic renal diseases are caused by mutations of proteins that share a unique subcellular localization: the primary cilium of tubular epithelial cells. Mutations of the ciliary protein inversin cause nephronophthisis type II, an autosomal recessive cystic kidney disease characterized by extensive renal cysts, situs inversus and renal failure. Here we report(More)
BACKGROUND The assembly of a robust microtubule-based mitotic spindle is a prerequisite for the accurate segregation of chromosomes to progeny. Spindle assembly relies on the concerted action of centrosomes, spindle microtubules, molecular motors, and nonmotor spindle proteins. RESULTS Here we use an RNA-interference screen of the human centrosome(More)
The structure and function of the primary cilium as a sensory organelle depends on a motor-protein-powered intraflagellar transport system (IFT); defective IFT results in retinal degeneration and pleiotropic disorders such as the Bardet Biedl syndrome (BBS) and defective hedgehog (HH) signaling. Protein transport to the cilium involves Rab GTPases. Rab8,(More)
Inherited mutations in genes encoding for ciliary proteins lead to a broad spectrum of human diseases, such as polycystic kidney disease (PKD), situs inversus and retinitis pigmentosa. In the human kidney, autosomal dominant PKD (ADPKD) is caused by mutations in PKD1 (PC1), or PKD2 (TRPP2). Both are necessary for ciliary mechanotransduction, whereby bending(More)
N-cadherin is a cell adhesion molecule which is enriched at synapses. Binding of N-cadherin molecules to each other across the synaptic cleft has been postulated to stabilize adhesion between the presynaptic bouton and the postsynaptic terminal. N-cadherin is also required for activity-induced changes at synapses, including hippocampal long term(More)
The centrosome is the primary microtubule organizing center of the cells and templates the formation of cilia, thereby operating at a nexus of critical cellular functions. Here, we use proximity-dependent biotinylation (BioID) to map the centrosome-cilium interface; with 58 bait proteins we generate a protein topology network comprising >7,000 interactions.(More)
Centrosomes are composed of a centriole pair surrounded by an intricate proteinaceous matrix referred to as pericentriolar material. Although the mechanisms underpinning the control of centriole duplication are now well understood, we know relatively little about the control of centrosome size and shape. Here we used interaction proteomics to identify the(More)
During cell division, microtubules organize a bipolar spindle to drive accurate chromosome segregation to daughter cells. Microtubules are nucleated by the γ-TuRC, a γ-tubulin complex that acts as a template for microtubules with 13 protofilaments. Cells lacking γ-TuRC core components do nucleate microtubules; however, these polymers fail to form bipolar(More)
Primary cilia have been shown to play an important role in embryonic development as well as in postnatal life. Dysfunctional cilia are associated with situs inversus, retinal abnormalities, impaired mucociliary clearance, infertility, hydrocephalus, and congenital renal cysts. In autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, mutations of the ciliary(More)
Salmonella invade host cells using Type 3 secreted effectors, which modulate host cellular targets to promote actin rearrangements at the cell surface that drive bacterial uptake. The Arp2/3 complex contributes to Salmonella invasion but is not essential, indicating other actin regulatory factors are involved. Here, we show a novel role for FHOD1, a formin(More)