Mikel R. Roe

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BACKGROUND Limited data are available on carcinogen uptake in smokers who reduce their smoking. To determine whether reducing the number of cigarettes smoked per day would lead to a corresponding reduction in carcinogen uptake, we measured levels of metabolites of the tobacco-specific lung carcinogen 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) in(More)
Revolutionary advances in biological mass spectrometry (MS) have provided a basic tool to make possible comprehensive proteomic analysis. Traditionally, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis has been used as a separation method coupled with MS to facilitate analysis of complex protein mixtures. Despite the utility of this method, the many challenges of(More)
The modification of proteins by the cytotoxic, reactive aldehyde 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) is known to alter protein function and impair cellular mechanisms. In order to identify susceptible amino acid sites of HNE modification within complex biological mixtures by microcapillary liquid chromatography and linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry, we have(More)
Protein sequence database searching of tandem mass spectrometry data is commonly employed to identify post-translational modifications (PTMs) to peptides in global proteomic studies. In these studies, the accurate identification of these modified peptides relies on strategies to ensure high-confidence results from sequence database searching in which(More)
Proteomic characterization of carbonylated amino acid sites currently relies on confidently matching tandem mass spectra (MS(2)) to peptides within a sequence database. Although effective to some degree, reliable proteomic characterization of carbonylated peptides using this approach remains a challenge needing new, complementary solutions. To this end, we(More)
A rapid analytical procedure was developed to quantify major selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) simultaneously using stable isotope dilution mass spectrometry (SID-LCMS). Two novel isotopically labeled (SIL) analogues of natural SERMs, genistein and daidzein, were synthesized using a H/D exchange reaction mechanism. Computational chemistry(More)
Polyphenolics are a chemically diverse class of plant specialized metabolites with strong antioxidant properties, and their consumption has been associated with improved human health. Metabolomic analysis of these compounds in both plant and mammalian samples has relied predominantly on liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization mass(More)
To determine how soil type, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) treatment, and storage affects color and anthocyanin accumulation of Red Norland potatoes, tubers were grown in sand or peat, with or without 2,4-D treatment, and measured at vine kill, harvest or after storage. Tubers grown in sand were less red and accumulated fewer anthocyanins than(More)
Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) is a highly sensitive tool for the analysis of polyphenolic compounds in complex food and beverage matrices. However, the high degree of isomerism among polyphenols in general often complicates this approach, especially for identification of novel compounds. Here, we explore the utility of mild acid-catalyzed(More)
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