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Transmission of Plasmodium falciparum from man to mosquito can be affected by human sera. Whereas serum-dependent reduction of transmission has been shown to be reproducible, there is limited evidence for enhancement of transmission. We aimed to assess the prevalence and reproducibility of transmission enhancement (TE) by human sera from different(More)
BACKGROUND Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with uterine cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and invasive cancers (ICC). Approximately 80% of ICC cases are diagnosed in under-developed countries. Vaccine development relies on knowledge of HPV genotypes characteristic of LSIL, HSIL and cancer; however, these genotypes remain(More)
Transmission blocking immunity (TBI) was studied in relation to age, gametocyte density and transmission intensity. subjects with high gametocytaemias were selected in a hypo-endemic urban district and a hyper-endemic rural area in South Cameroon. TBI was determined in blood from gametocyte carriers in a bioassay (Direct Membrane Feeding Assay), with either(More)
The kinetics of T-helper immune responses generated in 16 mature outbred rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) within a 10-month period by three different human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccine strategies were compared. Immune responses to monomeric recombinant gp120SF2 (rgp120) when the protein was expressed in vivo by DNA immunization or when it(More)
Transmission of Plasmodium falciparum malaria is initiated by sexual stages in the mosquito. Anti-Pfs48/45 and anti-Pfs230 sexual stage antibodies that are ingested together with parasites can reduce parasite development and subsequently malaria transmission. Acquisition of sexual stage immunity was studied in a cohort of 102 non-immune Javanese individuals(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate whether immunization with recombinant HIV-1 envelope protein derived from a clinical isolate could protect macaques from infection with an in vivo passaged chimeric simian-human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV). DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 16 animals were studied from which three groups of four animals were immunized with vaccine(More)
The authors studied the effect of raltegravir on the pharmacokinetics of the antiepileptic agent lamotrigine. Twelve healthy volunteers (group A) received 400 mg raltegravir twice daily from days 1 to 5. On day 4, a single dose of 100 mg lamotrigine was administered. After a washout period, participants received a second single dose of 100 mg of lamotrigine(More)
Host responses to the transmittable stages of the malaria parasite may reduce transmission effectively. Transmission-reducing activity (TRA) of human serum can be determined as a percentage, using the Standard Membrane Feeding Assay (SMFA). This laboratory assay was evaluated using the results of 121 experiments with malaria-endemic sera among which many(More)
The helper T-cell response to the E7 protein of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) was studied using BALB/c (H-2d) mice. Twenty-two overlapping synthetic peptides spanning the HPV16 E7 protein were split into 6 groups. Mice were sensitized using mixtures of synthetic peptides corresponding to each of the groups. Lymph node cell suspensions were cultured(More)
Data on malaria transmission intensity and prevalences of asexual parasites and of gametocytes were obtained in an urban district of Yaoundé, Cameroon. The transmission level from mosquito to human was determined by indoor night capture of mosquitoes on human volunteers, revealing a calculated entomological inoculation rate of 34 infectious bites per person(More)