Mike Sleutel

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The Staphylococcus aureus genome contains three toxin-antitoxin modules, including one mazEF module, SamazEF. Using an on-column separation protocol we are able to obtain large amounts of wild-type SaMazF toxin. The protein is well-folded and highly resistant against thermal unfolding but aggregates at elevated temperatures. Crystallographic and nuclear(More)
It is widely accepted that many phase transitions do not follow nucleation pathways as envisaged by the classical nucleation theory. Many substances can traverse intermediate states before arriving at the stable phase. The apparent ubiquity of multi-step nucleation has made the inverse question relevant: does multistep nucleation always dominate single-step(More)
Protein-dense liquid clusters are regions of high protein concentration that have been observed in solutions of several proteins. The typical cluster size varies from several tens to several hundreds of nanometres and their volume fraction remains below 10(-3) of the solution. According to the two-step mechanism of nucleation, the protein-rich clusters(More)
Viscosity effects on the kinetics of complex solution processes have proven hard to predict. To test the viscosity effects on protein aggregation, we use the crystallization of the protein glucose isomerase (gluci) as a model and employ scanning confocal and atomic force microscopies at molecular resolution, dynamic and static light scattering, and(More)
Despite impressive successes in protein design, designing a well-folded protein of more 100 amino acids de novo remains a formidable challenge. Exploiting the promising biophysical features of the artificial protein Octarellin V, we improved this protein by directed evolution, thus creating a more stable and soluble protein: Octarellin V.1. Next, we(More)
Flo1p and Lg-Flo1p are two cell-wall adhesins belonging to the Flo (flocculation) protein family from the yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae and S. pastorianus. The main function of these modular proteins endowed with calcium-dependent lectin activity is to mediate cell-cell adhesion events during yeast flocculation, a process which is well known at the(More)
Nanoscale self-assembly is naturally subject to impediments at the nanoscale. The recently developed ability to follow processes at the molecular level forces us to resolve older, coarse-grained concepts in terms of their molecular mechanisms. In this Letter, we highlight one such example. We present evidence based on experimental and simulation data that(More)
In a previous study, the early stages of self-assembly in nanophase materials were explored by coupling a kinetic mean-field analysis with a lattice-based stochastic theory [J. J. Kozak et al., J. Chem. Phys. 126, 154701 (2007)]. Recent experimental results on the postnucleation stages of zeolite assembly and protein crystallite formation have suggested a(More)
The development of multistep nucleation theory has spurred on experimentalists to find intermediate metastable states that are relevant to the solidification pathway of the molecule under interest. A great deal of studies focused on characterizing the so-called "precritical clusters" that may arise in the precipitation process. However, in macromolecular(More)
Surface exposure of antigens on bacterial cells can be critical for eliciting an effective antibody response. Therefore, we investigated the cellular localization of the fimbrial F17a-G receptor-binding domain, fused to the translocator domain of the AIDA-I autotransporter. Synthesis of the fusion protein, under the control of the L-arabinose-inducible PBAD(More)