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BACKGROUND Human myeloproliferative disorders form a range of clonal haematological malignant diseases, the main members of which are polycythaemia vera, essential thrombocythaemia, and idiopathic myelofibrosis. The molecular pathogenesis of these disorders is unknown, but tyrosine kinases have been implicated in several related disorders. We investigated(More)
BACKGROUND The V617F mutation, which causes the substitution of phenylalanine for valine at position 617 of the Janus kinase (JAK) 2 gene (JAK2), is often present in patients with polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and idiopathic myelofibrosis. However, the molecular basis of these myeloproliferative disorders in patients without the V617F(More)
Authenticated key exchange protocols tend to be either token based or password based. Token based schemes are often based on expensive (and irreplaceable) smart-card tokens, while password-only schemes require that a unique password is shared between every pair of correspondents. The magnetic strip swipe card and associated PIN number is a familiar and(More)
BACKGROUND An acquired V617F mutation in JAK2 occurs in most patients with polycythaemia vera, but is seen in only half those with essential thrombocythaemia and idiopathic myelofibrosis. We aimed to assess whether patients with the mutation are biologically distinct from those without, and why the same mutation is associated with different disease(More)
BACKGROUND The Spinal Cord Injury Locomotor Trial (SCILT) compared 12 weeks of step training with body weight support on a treadmill (BWSTT) that included overground practice to a defined but more conventional overground mobility intervention (CONT) in patients with incomplete traumatic SCI within 8 weeks of onset. No previous studies have reported(More)
A one-step reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-QPCR) method in combination with RNase treatment and low copy number samples was developed in order to examine the effect of temperature on the ability of virus capsids to protect their RNA content. The method was applied to a non-cultivable virus (GII.4 norovirus) and(More)
Daily dosing with vitamin D often fails to achieve optimal outcomes, and it is uncertain what the target level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D should be. This study found that large loading doses of vitamin D3 rapidly and safely normalize 25OHD levels, and that monthly dosing is similarly effective after 3–5 months. With baseline 25OHD > 50 nmol/L, vitamin D(More)
PrP(Sc), a misfolded and aggregated form of the cellular prion protein PrP(C), is the only defined constituent of the transmissible agent causing prion diseases. Expression of PrP(C) in the host organism is necessary for prion replication and for prion neurotoxicity. Understanding prion diseases necessitates detailed structural insights into PrP(C) and(More)
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strains that produce multiple enterotoxins are important causes of severe dehydrating diarrhea in human beings and animals, but the relative importance of these enterotoxins in the pathogenesis is poorly understood. Gnotobiotic piglets were used to study the importance of heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) in infection with(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent advances in regenerative medicine, including hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation, have brought hope for patients with severe alcoholic liver cirrhosis (ALC). The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of administering autologous expanded mobilized adult progenitor CD34+ cells into the hepatic artery of ALC(More)