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BACKGROUND This randomised Phase II study assessed the activity and safety of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and lapatinib followed by maintenance treatment in locally advanced, unresected stage III/IVA/IVB head and neck cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients were randomised 1:1 to concurrent CRT and placebo followed by placebo or concurrent CRT and(More)
Although mivacurium is eliminated by plasma cholinesterase, previous investigations have revealed either no relationship or limited correlation between mivacurium infusion rates (IRs) and plasma cholinesterase activity. Assuming that such a relationship should exist, we used a novel approach to better demonstrate the relationship in humans. Fourteen(More)
BACKGROUND This phase IB, open-label, dose-escalation study evaluated the safety, tolerability, and optimally tolerated regimen (OTR) of lapatinib in combination with docetaxel and trastuzumab in patients with previously untreated stage IV metastatic breast cancer (MBC) tumors overexpressing human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). PATIENTS AND(More)
BACKGROUND After bolus doses of nondepolarizing muscle relaxants, the adductor pollicis recovers from paralysis more slowly than the diaphragm and the laryngeal adductors, suggesting that the adductor pollicis is more sensitive than the respiratory muscles to effects of those drugs. In contrast, during onset, the respiratory muscles are paralyzed more(More)
BACKGROUND Intramuscular rocuronium, in doses of 1,000 microg/kg in infants and 1,800 microg/kg in children, produces complete twitch depression in 5-6 min. To determine the rate and extent of absorption of rocuronium after intramuscular administration, blood was sampled at various intervals after rocuronium administration by both intramuscular and(More)
BACKGROUND Because renal function affects the elimination of muscle relaxants, each new muscle relaxant must be evaluated in patients with renal failure. Accordingly, the neuromuscular effects and pharmacokinetics of rapacuronium were identified in patients with renal failure. METHODS Rapacuronium (1.5 mg/kg) was administered to 10 healthy volunteers and(More)
BACKGROUND Mivacurium, a nondepolarizing muscle relaxant, is metabolized by plasma cholinesterase. Although edrophonium does not alter plasma cholinesterase activity, we have observed that doses of edrophonium that antagonize paralysis from other nondepolarizing muscle relaxants are less effective with mivacurium. We speculated that edrophonium might after(More)
Fentanyl, an opioid metabolized by hepatic mixed function oxidases, is commonly administered as the primary anesthetic for neonates undergoing surgery. Pharmacokinetic studies have suggested that abdominal surgery in neonates decreases fentanyl clearance, contending that this results from increases in intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) decreasing hepatic blood(More)
Whether the analgesic effects of opioids change as a neonate matures is not well understood. To address this issue, we determined the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of analgesic effects of morphine and fentanyl in 35 dogs aged 1 to 34 days. Opioids were infused to produce analgesia, response times to a noxious thermal stimulus were measured and(More)
Phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinases have been shown to have critical roles in signaling pathways that regulate proliferation, oncogenic transformation, cell survival, cell migration, and intracellular protein trafficking. We have previously used reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction methods to identify novel PI 3-kinase isoforms in normal human breast(More)