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Experiments were designed to determine the relevance of enzyme partitioning, between the cellulose and non-cellulose components of pretreated biomass, with respect to rates of cellulose saccharification in a typical biomass-to-ethanol process. The experimental system included three cellulose preparations (differing in physicochemical properties): a… (More)
A kinetic mechanism is presented for Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase which describes the full time course of the enzymatic reaction over a wide range of substrate and enzyme concentrations at pH 7.2 and 20 degrees C. Specific rate constants were estimated by computer simulation of the full time course of single turnover, burst, and steady-state… (More)
The influence of wheat bran particle size on the rate of passage of digesta through the rat gut was investigated. Small and large particle size wheat bran-supplemented diets were used in combination with the particulate digestion marker chromium mordanted bran (CrMB) and the soluble digestion marker cobalt-EDTA (Co EDTA). The particle size of CrMB did not… (More)
A standard method for assaying protein in red wine is currently lacking. The method described here is based on protein precipitation followed by dye binding quantification. Improvements over existing approaches include minimal sample processing prior to protein precipitation with cold trichloroacetic acid/acetone and quantification based on absorbance… (More)
A high-pressure liquid chromatographic method, using an absorption column and sulfabenzamide as the internal standard, is proposed for the determination of sulfacetamide sodium and its principal hydrolysis product, sulfanilamide, in eye drops. It affords an average recovery of 100.9% of added sodium sulfacetamide with a relative standard deviation of 1.9%.
The effect of modifying the structural properties of a purified cellulose on its subsequent digestion in the rat was determined. The three structurally unique types of cellulose used in the study were a commercial microcrystalline cellulose, a ball-milled cellulose, and an acid-swollen cellulose. The ball-milled cellulose and the acid-swollen cellulose were… (More)
Full time course studies of the kinetic activity of Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase show that there is an increase in activity with time. The half-time for this hysteretic behavior is about 9 s. Preincubation of the enzyme with either of the substrates abolishes the lag and results in initial velocities which are 2-2.3-fold faster than those… (More)