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This paper presents an in-depth, idiographic study exploring the personal experience of chronic benign low back pain in relation to the participant's body and sense of self. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with patients and the resultant transcripts subjected to interpretative phenomenological analysis. One theme is presented in detail: 'Living(More)
Objectives: The present study explored the experience of introjected regulation (i.e. a controlling motivational regulation in which people act due to internal pressures that are regulated by contingent self-esteem; [Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations: classic definitions and new directions. Contemporary Educational(More)
Clinicians and researchers have become increasingly interested in the impact of chronic pain (CP) on quality of life (QoL). This report describes the qualitative stages of developing a pain and discomfort module for persons with CP to be used with the UK World Health Organisation generic measure of quality of life (WHOQOL). The aims were to investigate(More)
Quantitative research suggests that perceiving injustice can impact negatively upon physical and psychological health in chronic pain. However, little is known about the experience and perceptions of injustice in this context. This study examines the phenomenology of justice and injustice in chronic pain. Fifteen chronic pain sufferers recruited from(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to investigate the failure of fibrin sealant treatment for fistula-in-ano in an experimental porcine model and to determine histologic changes associated with the sealant and setons. METHODS Three surgically created fistulas were treated by seton drainage in each of eight male pigs. After 26 days, magnetic resonance(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to create and evaluate an experimental porcine model of fistula-in-ano. METHODS Initial cadaveric dissection enabled refinement of the technique for fistula formation and histoanatomical study of the porcine anal canal. Subsequently, three surgically created fistulas were treated by seton drainage in each of eight male pigs(More)
Chronic pain is often equated with chronic stress yet the relationship between chronic pain and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity is poorly understood. The objective of this study was to examine diurnal functioning of the HPA axis in patients with clinically defined non-inflammatory chronic pain syndrome (CPS) compared to controls. The(More)
Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) is a qualitative approach which aims to provide detailed examinations of personal lived experience. It produces an account of lived experience in its own terms rather than one prescribed by pre-existing theoretical preconceptions and it recognises that this is an interpretative endeavour as humans are(More)
Hearing thresholds were estimated in four bottlenose dolphins by measuring auditory evoked responses to single and multiple sinusoidal amplitude modulated tones. Subjects consisted of two males and two females with ages from 4 to 22 years. Testing was conducted in air using a "jawphone" transducer to couple sound into each subject's lower right jaw. Carrier(More)