Mike Orchard

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We describe the design, synthesis, and optimization of first-in-class series of inhibitors of NADPH oxidase isoform 4 (Nox4), an enzyme implicated in several pathologies, in particular idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, a life-threatening and orphan disease. Initially, several moderately potent pyrazolopyridine dione derivatives were found during a(More)
Incubation of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) with ouabain, an inhibitor of sodium/potassium ATPase (Na+/K+ ATPase), induced a significant rise in basal platelet intracellular calcium concentration [( Ca2+]i) when measured using fura 2. Ouabain induced an enhanced aggregation response to low doses of collagen in both PRP and washed platelets loaded with(More)
We have previously reported that stimulation of platelets causes a relocation of annexin V to the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane where it associates with actin. This study examined the association of annexin V with the platelet cytoskeleton and its binding to actin, following both physiological activation with thrombin and Ca2+ -ionophore(More)
Annexins are a family of proteins that have been implicated in a range of intracellular processes. In this paper we confirm the existence of annexin V in human platelets (0.02 +/- 0.005% of cell protein). We also demonstrate that 13.7 +/- 6.8% of intracellular annexin V becomes tightly associated with membranes in response to platelet activation by the(More)
Pyrazolo-pyrido-diazepine, -pyrazine and -oxazine dione derivatives are new chemical entities with good and attractive druglikeness properties. A series of pyrazolo-pyrido-diazepine dione analogs demonstrated to be particularly amenable to lead optimization through a couple of cycles in order to improve specificity for isoforms Nox4 and Nox1 and had(More)
Cytosolic phospholipase A(2) is a Ca(2+)-dependent enzyme that acts on membrane phospholipids to release arachidonic acid, which in platelets is converted to thromboxane A(2). Annexin V is a Ca(2+)-dependent, phospholipid-binding protein, which is proposed to regulate inflammation by inhibiting cytosolic phospholipase A(2). Here, we have studied the(More)
Prostacyclin production by human umbilical artery rings was measured in a variety of incubation media and related to gestational age, mode of delivery, and birth weight. Prostacyclin production was directly correlated with the status of essential free fatty acid in the tissue as assessed by the ratio of tissue concentrations of arachidonic acid and Mead's(More)
Platelet activation may occur during immunoglobulin E antibody (IgE)-mediated reactions. In these studies, we confirm that platelet-derived supernatants (PDS) induce histamine release from human mixed leukocytes containing basophils, one of the initial target cells in IgE-mediated reactions. In extending this observation, we have shown that this PDS-induced(More)
Pre-incubation of human platelets with nifedipine in vitro or treatment of normal volunteers with nifedipine, 30 mg daily for one week, did not alter ADP induced aggregation measured by whole blood aggregometry. 6-oxo-Prostaglandin F1α remained undetectable in plasma following oral administration of nifedipine to normal volunteers. The hypotensive response(More)