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The human genome encodes approximately 100,000 different genes, and at least partial sequence information for nearly all will be available soon. Sequence information alone, however, is insufficient for a full understanding of gene function, expression, regulation, and splice-site variation. Because cellular processes are governed by the repertoire of(More)
The functions of many open reading frames (ORFs) identified in genome-sequencing projects are unknown. New, whole-genome approaches are required to systematically determine their function. A total of 6925 Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains were constructed, by a high-throughput strategy, each with a precise deletion of one of 2026 ORFs (more than one-third of(More)
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most frequent type of variation in the human genome, and they provide powerful tools for a variety of medical genetic studies. In a large-scale survey for SNPs, 2.3 megabases of human genomic DNA was examined by a combination of gel-based sequencing and high-density variation-detection DNA chips. A total of(More)
The genomic sequence of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been used to design and synthesize high-density oligonucleotide arrays for monitoring the expression levels of nearly all yeast genes. This direct and highly parallel approach involves the hybridization of total mRNA populations to a set of four arrays that contain a total of more than(More)
High-density oligonucleotide microarrays enable simultaneous monitoring of expression levels of tens of thousands of transcripts. For accurate detection and quantitation of transcripts in the presence of cellular mRNA, it is essential to design microarrays whose oligonucleotide probes produce hybridization intensities that accurately reflect the(More)
A highly reliable and efficient technology has been developed for high-throughput DNA polymorphism screening and large-scale genotyping. Photolithographic synthesis has been used to generate miniaturized, high-density oligonucleotide arrays. Dedicated instrumentation and software have been developed for array hybridization, fluorescent detection, and data(More)
A high-throughput genotyping platform is needed to enable marker-assisted breeding in the allo-octoploid cultivated strawberry Fragaria × ananassa. Short-read sequences from one diploid and 19 octoploid accessions were aligned to the diploid Fragaria vesca ‘Hawaii 4’ reference genome to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and indels for(More)
A quantitative and highly parallel method for analysing deletion mutants has been developed to aid in determining the biological function of thousands of newly identified open reading frames (ORFs) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This approach uses a PCR targeting strategy to generate large numbers of deletion strains. Each deletion strain is labelled with a(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that the retinoid-X receptors (RXR-alpha,-beta,-gamma) play a crucial role in regulating the transcriptional activity of several steroid hormone receptors, including the receptors for retinoic acid (RAR-alpha,-beta,-gamma), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and thyroid hormone. We investigated the localization of the different types of(More)
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