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A sequence of 5987 nucleotides is reported for the RNA of potato leafroll luteovirus (PLRV). The sequence contains six large open reading frames, and non-coding regions of 174 nucleotides at the 5' end, 141 nucleotides at the 3' end and 197 nucleotides between two large blocks of coding sequences. The 5' coding region encodes two polypeptides of 28,000(More)
Ochratoxin A (OA) contamination of black pepper, coriander seeds, powdered ginger and turmeric powder was estimated using indirect competitive ELISA. Samples (1 g) were extracted with 0.5% potassium chloride (KCl) in 70% methanol (5 ml) and diluted subsequently to give two-fold to ten-fold step-wise dilutions in phosphate-buffered saline containing 0.05%(More)
Northern blot analysis of nucleic acid from potato plant tissues and tobacco protoplasts infected with a Scottish isolate of potato leafroll luteovirus (PLRV) detected the 6 kb genomic RNA and one subgenomic RNA species of about 2.7 kb; RNA extracted from virus particles contained only the genomic species. Blotting with small defined probes suggested that(More)
Potato leafroll virus (PLRV) was mechanically transmissible when inocula also contained the umbravirus Pea enation mosaic virus-2 (PEMV-2). In plants infected with PLRV and PEMV-2, PLRV accumulated in clusters of mesophyll cells in both inoculated and systemically infected leaves. No transmissions were obtained by coinoculation with Potato virus Y, Potato(More)