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Event-related brain potentials (EMS) were recorded while normal German subjects read either simple declarative sen- tences made up from real German words, or sentences that contained German pseudo-words instead of nouns and verbs. The verb (pseudo-verb) of the sentences disagreed in number with the subject noun (pseudo-noun) in 50% of the sentences. The(More)
Closed class (determiners, pronouns, conjunctions, prepositions etc. ) and open class (nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs) words have different linguistic functions and have been proposed to be processed by different neural systems. Here, event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded in young German-speaking subjects while they read closed class and open(More)
OBJECTIVES The present investigation explored the electrophysiological correlates of working memory during sentence comprehension. METHODS Event-related brain potentials (ERP) were recorded from 29 channels in 22 subjects, while they read German sentences having subject-first (canonical) or object-first (non-canonical) word orders. RESULTS Three(More)
One of the current issues in the investigation of language by means of event-related brain potentials (ERPs) is whether there is an ERP effect that can be specifically related to the processing of syntactic information. It has been claimed that a late positivity (P600 or SPS-syntactic positive shift) occurring to syntactic violations or ambiguities(More)
In order to determine if an event-related brain potential (ERP) effect described for syntactic violations (P600/SPS) varies with the amount of reprocessing entailed by a violation, number incongruencies were presented either within simple declarative or within subordinate clauses. ERPs were recorded while 12 German subjects read the stimulus materials(More)
OBJECTIVES Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has been shown to cause neuropsychological deficits. The present investigation sought to delineate memory deficits by recording cognitive event-related potentials (ERPs). SUBJECTS AND METHODS Eight ALS patients and 8 matched controls were subjected to a 2-phase recognition memory test. During the first phase(More)
Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded from multiple scalp locations from young human subjects while they performed two different face processing tasks. The first task entailed the presentation of pairs of faces in which the second face was either a different view of the first face or a different view of a different face. The subjects had to(More)
OBJECTIVE Fronto-striatal dysfunction has been discussed as underlying symptoms of Tourette syndrome (TS) with co-morbid Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). This suggests possible impairments of executive functions in this disorder, which were therefore targeted in the present study. METHODS A comprehensive series of neuropsychological tests examining(More)
Evoked potentials were recorded in three different visual experiments in 14 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and 14 matched control subjects. Control subjects' evoked potentials (EPs) were characterized by an initial positivity in the 90-140 ms range (P1) at the temporo-occipital site. This component was absent from the group average of the(More)
Several studies support the hypothesis that low-dose botulinum toxin treatment may be as beneficial as high-dose regimen. Therefore, we studied 115 patients (aged 27-84; mean 58.0, SD = 12.9 years; 68% females, 32% males) suffering from cervical dystonia (n = 66), blepharospasm (n = 28), and facial hemispasm (n = 21) over a period of 2 years in an open(More)