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Twenty calves were orally infected with Mycobacterium paratuberculosis before weaning. Ten of these plus 4 non-infected controls were maintained on elevated dietary iron intake from 6 to 33 months of age. During this time, in which the majority of animals were bred, the influence of increased dietary iron upon tests of cellular and humoral immune(More)
The effect of 35 serial passages in vivo on an infectious laryngotracheitis virus strain of low virulence was examined in terms of effect on virulence and DNA stability. Within 3 passages in live chickens there was evidence of increasing respiratory distress. Severe respiratory distress (with death in some cases) was observed after the 6th passage, except(More)
Plasmid profiles, genome restriction fragment polymorphisms, carbohydrate oxidation-fermentation reactions, methylumbelliferyl substrate hydrolysis patterns, antimicrobial susceptibilities, and results obtained with the Biolog GN biochemical substrate kit were used to type 19 common-source, but mixed-biotype, outbreak strains and one epidemiologically(More)
AIMS The purpose of this study was to determine if DNA polymorphisms generated by RAPD-PCR could be used to characterize Group B streptococci (GBS) for epidemiological purposes. METHODS AND RESULTS 30 unrelated, previously serotyped strains were analysed by RAPD-PCR using two 10-mer primers (5' TGCGAGAGTC 3' and 5' AGAGGGCACA 3'). Both primers generated(More)
Strains of infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) were examined using an indirect immunofluorescent test (IIF) and with restriction endonucleases for detecting intratypic differences. Electrophoretic analysis of ILTV DNA fragments cleaved with restriction endonuclease Hind 111 clearly distinguished between strains. The IIF test did not discriminate(More)
This study examined isolates of group B streptococci (GBS) by latex seroagglutination and restriction endonuclease analysis (REA). REA analysis was performed with high- and low-frequency cutting enzymes, and fragments were resolved by linear and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), respectively. GBS isolates were derived from a regional acute-care(More)
Chemical investigations of a microfungus Xylaria sp. isolated from the Australian rainforest tree Glochidion ferdinandi have afforded two new natural products, 2-hydroxy-6-methyl-8-methoxy-9-oxo-9H-xanthene-1-carboxylic acid (1) and 2-hydroxy-6-hydroxymethyl-8-methoxy-9-oxo-9H-xanthene-1-carboxylic acid (2). Compound 1 has previously been synthesised but(More)
The DNAs of virulent and avirulent strains of infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) showed greater than 96% homology by reciprocal DNA:DNA hybridization. Nevertheless, by use of selected restricted DNA fragments, it was possible to differentiate strains according to pathotype more readily than by the more laborious restriction enzyme analysis.(More)
A new antibiotic polyene tetramic acid, ravenic acid (2), has been isolated from the mycelia of a cultured fungus, Penicillium sp. The structure of ravenic acid was determined by detailed spectroscopic analysis and the major isomer identified as possessing (3Z, 7E, 9E, 11E, 13E) stereochemistry.