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The alpha- and beta-subunits of membrane-bound ATP synthase complex bind ATP and ADP: beta contributes to catalytic sites, and alpha may be involved in regulation of ATP synthase activity. The sequences of beta-subunits are highly conserved in Escherichia coli and bovine mitochondria. Also alpha and beta are weakly homologous to each other throughout most(More)
The mitochondrial carrier protein for carnitine has been identified in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It is encoded by the gene CRC1 and is a member of the family of mitochondrial transport proteins. The protein has been over-expressed with a C-terminal His-tag in S. cerevisiae and isolated from mitochondria by nickel affinity chromatography. The purified(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes 35 members of the mitochondrial carrier family, including the OAC protein. The transport specificities of some family members are known, but most are not. The function of the OAC has been revealed by overproduction in Escherichia coli, reconstitution into liposomes, and demonstration that the proteoliposomes transport(More)
Bovine IF(1), a basic protein of 84 amino acids, is involved in the regulation of the catalytic activity of the F(1) domain of ATP synthase. At pH 6.5, but not at basic pH values, it inhibits the ATP hydrolase activity of the enzyme. The oligomeric state of bovine IF(1) has been investigated at various pH values by sedimentation equilibrium analytical(More)
A substantially enriched preparation of Alzheimer paired helical filaments (PHFs) has been used as a starting point for biochemical studies. Pronase treatment, which strips off adhering proteins, leaves a resistant core that is structurally intact. This has been used to raise a monoclonal antibody that decorates the filament core. The antibody has been used(More)
The serum response element (SRE) is a sequence required for transient transcriptional activation of genes in response to growth factors. We have isolated cDNA clones encoding serum response factor (SRF), a ubiquitous nuclear protein that binds to the SRE. The SRF gene is highly conserved through evolution, and in cultured cells its transcription is itself(More)
The sequences of 42 subunits of NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) from bovine heart mitochondria have been described previously. Seven are encoded by mitochondrial DNA, whereas the remaining 35 are nuclear gene products imported into the organelle from the cytoplasm. An additional protein, which does not correspond to any previously known subunit(More)
The inner membranes of mitochondria contain a family of transport proteins of related sequence and structure. The DNA sequence of the genome of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes at least 35 members of this family. Three of them can be recognised as known isoforms of the ADP-ATP translocase and two others as the phosphate and citrate carriers. The transport(More)
The ADP/ATP, phosphate, and oxoglutarate/malate carrier proteins found in the inner membranes of mitochondria, and the uncoupling protein from mitochondria in mammalian brown adipose tissue, belong to the same protein superfamily. Established members of this superfamily have polypeptide chains approximately 300 amino acids long that consist of three tandem(More)
In mitochondria, the hydrolytic activity of ATP synthase is regulated by an inhibitor protein, IF(1). Its binding to ATP synthase depends on pH, and below neutrality, IF(1) is dimeric and forms a stable complex with the enzyme. At higher pH values, IF(1) forms tetramers and is inactive. In the 2.2 A structure of the bovine IF(1) described here, the four(More)