Mike J. Martin

Learn More
The application of cationic liposome reagents has advanced DNA and mRNA transfection research in vitro, and data are accumulating which show their utility for in vivo gene transfer. However, chemical structure-activity data leading to a better mechanistic understanding of their biological activity is still limited. Most of the cationic lipid reagents in use(More)
In the rat, the liver represents a major site of phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotide deposition after i.v. administration. For this reason, we examined the intracellular fate of ISIS 1082, a 21-base heterosequence phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotide, isolated from parenchymal and nonparenchymal cell types after systemic dosing using established(More)
BACKGROUND The chronic shortage in the supply of human organs available for allotransplantation has turned attention toward the use of animals as potential donors, with pigs as the most likely species under consideration. Hyperacute rejection, the initial and immediate barrier to a pig-to-primate xenograft, has been addressed by generation of transgenic(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the development of porcine ova fertilized by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Allyl trenbolone (Regumate) was used to synchronize estrus in 13 postpuberal gilts. Gilts were superovulated with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin and hCG. Ova were aspirated from 5- to 8-mm follicles at 36 h after hCG. Cumulus(More)
Hyperacute rejection of a porcine organ by higher primates is initiated by the binding of xenoreactive natural antibodies of the recipient to blood vessels in the graft leading to complement activation. The majority of these antibodies recognize the carbohydrate structure Gal(alphal,3)Gal (gal epitope) present on cells of pigs. It is possible that the(More)
We describe isologous promoter replacement as an approach to permit high level expression of human hemoglobin in transgenic swine. We linked the human beta globin genomic coding region to the porcine beta globin promoter and used this fusion gene in an expression construct containing the human beta locus control region and the human alpha and epsilon genes(More)
Swine transgenesis by pronuclear injection or cloning has traditionally relied on illegitimate recombination of DNA into the pig genome. This often results in animals containing concatemeric arrays of transgenes that complicate characterization and can impair long-term transgene stability and expression. This is inconsistent with regulatory guidance for(More)
The critical shortage of human donor organs has generated interest in the potential for porcine to human xenotransplantation. The initial immunological barrier to xenotransplantation is hyperacute rejection, which is mediated by xenoreactive antibodies and complement, and results in rapid and irreversible tissue destruction. While endogenous complement(More)
Infection with herpes simplex viruses (HSVs) resistant to treatment with acyclovir (9-[(2-hydroxyethoxy)-methyl]guanine, Zovirax) is a growing clinical problem in patients with AIDS and other immunosuppressed states. Most virus isolates resistant to acyclovir are deficient or defective in virally coded thymidine kinase (TK), which converts acyclovir to(More)
The susceptibility of xenografts to hyperacute rejection is postulated to reflect in part failure of complement regulatory proteins (CRPs) to control activation of heterologous complement on graft endothelium. To test this concept, transgenic swine expressing the human CRP decay accelerating factor and CD59 were developed using a novel expression system(More)