Mike J. Martin

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The application of cationic liposome reagents has advanced DNA and mRNA transfection research in vitro, and data are accumulating which show their utility for in vivo gene transfer. However, chemical structure-activity data leading to a better mechanistic understanding of their biological activity is still limited. Most of the cationic lipid reagents in use(More)
BACKGROUND The chronic shortage in the supply of human organs available for allotransplantation has turned attention toward the use of animals as potential donors, with pigs as the most likely species under consideration. Hyperacute rejection, the initial and immediate barrier to a pig-to-primate xenograft, has been addressed by generation of transgenic(More)
Hyperacute rejection of a porcine organ by higher primates is initiated by the binding of xenoreactive natural antibodies of the recipient to blood vessels in the graft leading to complement activation. The majority of these antibodies recognize the carbohydrate structure Gal(alphal,3)Gal (gal epitope) present on cells of pigs. It is possible that the(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the development of porcine ova fertilized by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Allyl trenbolone (Regumate) was used to synchronize estrus in 13 postpuberal gilts. Gilts were superovulated with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin and hCG. Ova were aspirated from 5- to 8-mm follicles at 36 h after hCG. Cumulus(More)
We describe isologous promoter replacement as an approach to permit high level expression of human hemoglobin in transgenic swine. We linked the human beta globin genomic coding region to the porcine beta globin promoter and used this fusion gene in an expression construct containing the human beta locus control region and the human alpha and epsilon genes(More)
Swine transgenesis by pronuclear injection or cloning has traditionally relied on illegitimate recombination of DNA into the pig genome. This often results in animals containing concatemeric arrays of transgenes that complicate characterization and can impair long-term transgene stability and expression. This is inconsistent with regulatory guidance for(More)
The critical shortage of human donor organs has generated interest in the potential for porcine to human xenotransplantation. The initial immunological barrier to xenotransplantation is hyperacute rejection, which is mediated by xenoreactive antibodies and complement, and results in rapid and irreversible tissue destruction. While endogenous complement(More)
The susceptibility of xenografts to hyperacute rejection is postulated to reflect in part failure of complement regulatory proteins (CRPs) to control activation of heterologous complement on graft endothelium. To test this concept, transgenic swine expressing the human CRP decay accelerating factor and CD59 were developed using a novel expression system(More)
We characterize a line of transgenic pigs that express the human complement-regulatory proteins human CD59 and human decay-accelerating factor. These genes, under the control of heterologous promoters, are expressed in a variety of organs, including the vasculature of the heart, kidney, and liver. We demonstrate that moderate levels of these gene products(More)
A construct containing the locus control region (LCR) from the human beta globin locus together with two copies of the human alpha 1 gene and a single copy of the human beta A gene was used to obtain three transgenic pigs. The transgenic pigs are healthy, not anemic, and grow at a rate comparable to non-transgenic littermates. All animals expressed the(More)