Learn More
Pairing an olfactory conditioned stimulus (CS) with an acoustic startle unconditioned stimulus (UCS) produced conditioned bradycardia in rats ranging from 12 days of age to adulthood but failed to produce conditioning in 10-day-olds (Experiment 1). The second experiment compared the effects of two different UCSs, acoustic startle and electric shock. The(More)
INTRODUCTION Although numerous trials have shown benefit of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) for either primary or secondary prevention, no trial has prospectively enrolled patients from both indications and analyzed ICD utilization between groups. METHODS AND RESULTS We performed a retrospective review of MIRACLE ICD, a randomized,(More)
INTRODUCTION Management of congestive heart failure is a serious public health problem. The use of implantable hemodynamic monitors (IHMs) may assist in this management by providing continuous ambulatory filling pressure status for optimal volume management. METHODS AND RESULTS The Chronicle system includes an implanted monitor, a pressure sensor lead(More)
AIMS Various mode-switching algorithms are available with different tachyarrhythmia detection criteria to be satisfied to initiate mode-switching. This study evaluated three different mode-switching algorithms in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. METHODS AND RESULTS Seventeen patients completed the study. Three mode-switching algorithms were(More)
The effect of prenatal exposure to alcohol on the development of basal heart rate and on the elicitation and habituation of the heart rate orienting response was examined in three experiments with rats. In all experiments, Etoh dams consumed large, daily amounts of alcohol and their weight gain during pregnancy was less than that of ad lib or pairfed dams.(More)
It is generally recognized that during development the capacity to express learning in terms of changes in somatomotor activity is evident earlier than the capacity for learned changes in autonomic responding (e.g., heart rate). In this series of experiments, findings indicate that changes in heart rate to a visual conditioned stimulus (CS) paired with a(More)
The cardiac orienting response to brief auditory stimuli was measured in preweanling and adult rats. The eliciting stimulus varied in duration (2 or 10 s) and complexity (continuous or pulsing). Stimulus complexity affected response magnitude with the pulsing stimulus eliciting a larger response than the continuous stimulus. Stimulus duration affected(More)
A survey was made of 710 American Indians of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho to assess the population's knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in respect to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), to estimate the population's risk, and to plan strategies to reduce it. In contrast to 3 percent of the general population, this study found 10.6 percent of male(More)
Tega is a new expressive “squash and stretch”, Androidbased social robot platform, designed to enable long-term interactions with children. I. A NEW SOCIAL ROBOT PLATFORM Tega is the newest social robot platform designed and built by a diverse team of engineers, software developers, and artists at the Personal Robots Group at the MIT Media Lab. This robot,(More)
The psychological impact of ultrasound scanning in pregnancy was examined in low- and high-risk pregnancies. Women in each category were assigned consecutively to a condition of either low or high feedback. In the latter condition, the women received extensive verbal and visual feedback, whereas in the former, subjects were denied visual access to the(More)