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Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is characterized by opportunistic infections and by 'opportunistic neoplasms' (for example, Kaposi's sarcoma). Persistent generalized lymphadenopathy (PGL) is epidemiologically associated with AIDS, especially in male homosexuals. A subset of T lymphocytes positive for the CD4 antigen (also termed T4 antigen), is(More)
BACKGROUND Somatic mutations in the Janus kinase 2 gene (JAK2) occur in many myeloproliferative neoplasms, but the molecular pathogenesis of myeloproliferative neoplasms with nonmutated JAK2 is obscure, and the diagnosis of these neoplasms remains a challenge. METHODS We performed exome sequencing of samples obtained from 151 patients with(More)
A method is described by which an immunoaffinity matrix was constructed by binding antibody directly or indirectly to protein A-Sepharose 4B followed by cross-linking of the complex with dimethyl pimelimidate. This allows optimal spatial orientation of antibodies and, thus, maximum antigen binding efficiency. The affinity matrices were stable to high and(More)
We have tested the hypothesis that multipotential hemopoietic stem and progenitor cells prime several different lineage-affiliated programs of gene activity prior to unilineage commitment and differentiation. Using single cell RT-PCR we show that erythroid (beta-globin) and myeloid (myeloperoxidase) gene expression programs can be initiated by the same cell(More)
In 1991, the Haemostasis and Thrombosis Task Force of the British Society for Haematology published guidelines on testing for the lupus anticoagulant (LA) (Machin et al, 1991). Since then there have been major developments in our understanding of the nature ofàntiphospholipid antibodies' (aPLs) and improvements in our knowledge of the clinical course of the(More)
Growing evidence suggests that thrombophilia is associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE) and adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, methodological limitations have made it difficult to obtain a clear overview of the overall risks. We conducted a systematic review to determine the risk of VTE and adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with thrombophilia in(More)
Haemorrhage, including intracranial bleeding, is a common, potentially lethal complication of warfarin therapy and rapid and complete reversal of anticoagulation may be life-saving. Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and vitamin K are most frequently administered. Because of the variable content of vitamin K-dependent clotting factors in FFP, and the effects of(More)
All seven of a set of CD34 monoclonal antibodies that recognize epitopes on an approximately 110 Kd glycoprotein on human hemopoietic progenitor cells also bind to vascular endothelium. Capillaries of most tissues are CD34 positive, as are umbilical artery and, to a lesser extent, vein, but the endothelium of most large vessels and the endothelium of(More)
BACKGROUND There is little current insight into the natural history of childhood leukaemia or the timing of relevant mutational events. TEL-AML1 gene fusion due to chromosomal translocation is frequently seen in the common form of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. We investigated whether this abnormality arises prenatally. METHODS We identified, by(More)
Infant acute leukemia (IAL) frequently involves breakage and recombination of the MLL gene with one of several potential partner genes. These gene fusions arise in utero and are similar to those found in leukemias secondary to chemotherapy with inhibitors of topoisomerase II (topo-II). This has led to the hypothesis that in utero exposures to chemicals may(More)