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BACKGROUND Suicidal behaviour and completed suicide are serious problems within British prisons, leading to significant morbidity and mortality, and are the focus of major efforts towards their prevention. AIM To explore the demographic, social and psychiatric correlates of suicidal behaviour in prisons in England and Wales and their relationship with(More)
BACKGROUND In England and Wales, persons of African-Caribbean origin are more likely to be both imprisoned and admitted to secure hospitals. AIMS To estimate population-based rates of imprisonment in different ethnic groups, and compare criminal behaviour and psychiatric morbidity. METHOD We examined Home Office data on all persons in prison, and(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that cannabis use might be relevant to the aetiology of schizophrenia. We aimed to measure any change in cannabis use over time in those first presenting with schizophrenia in South-East London from 1965 to 1999, and compare this with change in use in those presenting with non-psychotic psychiatric disorders. METHOD The rate(More)
BACKGROUND The high rates of psychiatric morbidity in prisoners vary between ethnic groups. AIMS To compare early environmental risks, stressful daily living experiences and reported use of psychiatric services in prisoners from different ethnic groups. METHOD Cross-sectional survey of 3142 prisoners in all penal establishments in England and Wales in(More)
OBJECTIVES Our aim was to examine patterns of Axis II co-morbidity using data from the national survey of psychiatric morbidity among prisoners in England and Wales. METHODS A one-in-five sub-sample of participants in a survey of psychiatric morbidity among prisoners in England and Wales was interviewed using the Schedule for Clinical Assessment in(More)
Epidemiological studies point to an association between prenatal exposure to influenza and later schizophrenia. Such studies are consistent with neuropathologic reports demonstrating cytoarchitectural abnormalities in the hippocampus and parahippocampal gyrus suggestive of second trimester developmental anomalies. The hypothesis that prenatal exposure to(More)
BACKGROUND Constipation in childhood is common and places a burden on child health services. Whilst constipation can have a variety of causes, for most children it is usually non-organic and requires limited intervention. It has been suggested that health professionals can resent consultations for such a common problem, believing them to be inappropriate.(More)
Of 106 patients attending a gender-identity clinic, 73% satisfied DSM-III criteria for transsexualism. These DSM-III positives had a significantly younger age of onset and were less likely to experience sexual arousal with cross-dressing than those who did not satisfy DSM-III criteria. They were also significantly more likely to fulfil a definition of 'core(More)