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Turnip crinkle virus (TCV) inoculation onto TCV-resistant Arabidopsis leads to a hypersensitive response (HR) controlled by the dominant gene HRT. HRT is a member of the class of resistance (R) genes that contain a leucine zipper, a nucleotide binding site, and leucine-rich repeats. The chromosomal position of HRT and its homology to resistance gene RPP8(More)
Completion of germination (radicle emergence) by gibberellin (GA)-deficient (gib-1) mutant tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) seeds is dependent upon exogenous GA, because weakening of the endosperm tissue enclosing the radicle tip requires GA. To investigate genes that may be involved in endosperm weakening or embryo growth, differential cDNA display(More)
Some strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa produce R-type pyocins, which are high-molecular-weight phage tail-like protein complexes that have bactericidal activity against other Pseudomonas strains. These particles recognize and bind to bacterial surface structures via tail fibers, their primary spectrum determinant. R-type pyocins kill the cell by contracting(More)
The ros chromosomal gene is present in octopine and nopaline strains of Agrobacterium tumefaciens as well as in Rhizobium meliloti. This gene encodes a 15.5-kDa protein that specifically represses the virC and virD operons in the virulence region of the Ti plasmid. The ros gene was cloned from a genomic bank by electroporation and complementation in(More)
The virulence genes of the Agrobacterium tumefaciens Ti plasmid are regulated both positively and negatively. The products of the genes of the virC and virD operons play an important role in host specificity and T-DNA processing. These operons are transcribed in opposite directions and therefore bear diametrically oriented promoters. These promoters are(More)
The site-selected insertion (SSI) procedure was used to generate insertional knockout mutations in the gene for tomato polygalacturonase (PG), a critical enzyme in fruit ripening. Previously, it had been shown that the Dissociation (Ds) elements in a select group of tomato plants frequently inserted into PG, at least in somatic tissues. DNA isolated from(More)
The chromosomal locus pscA (exoC) of Agrobacterium tumefaciens LBA4301 has been cloned by complementation of the avirulent and exopolysaccharide (EPS)-deficient mutant LBA4301 pscA. We have also identified a new locus, termed psdA (polysaccharide depression) and located 16 kilobases from pscA in the A. tumefaciens chromosome, that negatively affects EPS(More)