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The atomic and electronic structure of a tilt grain boundary in rutile TiO 2 has been calculated in an ab initio manner. The method employs a plane-wave basis set and optimised pseudopotentials and is carried out within the local density approximation of density functional theory. The study focuses on the structure and energy of the P = 15 36:9 (210))001](More)
We introduce a class of interatomic potential models that can be automatically generated from data consisting of the energies and forces experienced by atoms, as derived from quantum mechanical calculations. The models do not have a fixed functional form and hence are capable of modeling complex potential energy landscapes. They are systematically(More)
We present a detailed comparison between ONETEP, our linear-scaling density functional method, and the conventional pseudopotential plane wave approach in order to demonstrate its high accuracy. Further comparison with all-electron calculations shows that only the largest available Gaussian basis sets can match the accuracy of routine ONETEP calculations.(More)
The Polo-Like Kinase 1 (PLK1) acts as a central regulator of mitosis and is over-expressed in a wide range of human tumours where high levels of expression correlate with a poor prognosis. PLK1 comprises two structural elements, a kinase domain and a polo-box domain (PBD). The PBD binds phosphorylated substrates to control substrate phosphorylation by the(More)
The breast cancer suppressor BRCA2 controls the recombinase RAD51 in the reactions that mediate homologous DNA recombination, an essential cellular process required for the error-free repair of DNA double-stranded breaks. The primary mode of interaction between BRCA2 and RAD51 is through the BRC repeats, which are ∼35 residue peptide motifs that interact(More)
Accurate prediction of hydration free energies is a key objective of any free energy method that is applied to modeling and understanding interactions in the aqueous phase. Inhomogeneous fluid solvation theory (IFST) is a statistical mechanical method for calculating solvation free energies by quantifying the effect of a solute acting as a perturbation to(More)
An overview of the ONETEP (Order-N Electronic Total Energy Package) code is presented, focusing on the twin aims of overall linear scaling and controlled accuracy. The method is outlined, including a description of the density-matrix formulation of density-functional theory, and the optimisation procedures for both the density-kernel and the local orbitals(More)
Constrained geometric simulations have been performed for the recently published closed-channel state of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. These simulations support the theory that correlated motion in the flexible β-sheet structure of the extracellular domain helps to communicate a "conformational wave", spreading from the acetylcholine binding pocket.(More)
A detailed study of energy differences between the highest occupied and lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals (HOMO-LUMO gaps) in protein systems and water clusters is presented. Recent work questioning the applicability of Kohn-Sham density-functional theory to proteins and large water clusters (Rudberg 2012 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 24 072202) has(More)