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Confirmatory factor analysis of the Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory and development of the Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory-46.
Handling Item-Level Missing Data
- Mike C Parent
- 1 May 2013
The topic of missing data has been receiving increasing attention, with calls to apply advanced methods of handling missingness to counseling psychology research. The present study sought to assess… Expand
An Abbreviated Tool for Assessing Conformity to Masculine Norms: Psychometric Properties of the Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory-46
The Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory – 46 (Parent & Moradi, 2009) is a useful tool with which to assess masculine gender role conformity. The CMNI-46 retained and built on the psychometric… Expand
Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory and Development of an Abbreviated Version: The CFNI-45
The present study undertakes the first factor analysis of the Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory (CFNI) conducted since the instrument's development. Confirmatory factor analysis using data from… Expand
His biceps become him: a test of objectification theory's application to drive for muscularity and propensity for steroid use in college men.
Men's body image problems may manifest as an unhealthy drive for muscularity and propensity to use anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS). Aspects of objectification theory were integrated with… Expand
Approaches to Research on Intersectionality: Perspectives on Gender, LGBT, and Racial/Ethnic Identities
Intersectionality theories, or the recognition of multiple interlocking identities, defined by relative sociocultural power and privilege, constitute a vital step forward in research across multiple… Expand
Clinical considerations in etiology, assessment, and treatment of men's muscularity-focused body image disturbance.
- Mike C Parent
An abbreviated tool for assessing feminine norm conformity: psychometric properties of the Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory-45.
The Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory-45 (CFNI-45; Parent & Moradi, 2010) is an important tool for assessing level of conformity to feminine gender norms and for investigating the implications… Expand
Mental Help Seeking Attitudes Scale (MHSAS): Development, Reliability, Validity, and Comparison With the ATSPPH-SF and IASMHS-PO
- Joseph H Hammer, Mike C Parent, Douglas A. Spiker
- Psychology, Medicine
- Journal of counseling psychology
Attitudes is a key help-seeking construct that influences treatment seeking behavior via intention to seek help, per the theory of planned behavior (TPB). This article presents the development and… Expand
Metric invariance of the Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory-46 among women and men.
Theorists have long observed that individuals can demonstrate both masculinity and femininity. However, measures of gender norm conformity are often developed with single-gender samples. This has… Expand