Mike C. Fox

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ISIS 2922 is a phosphorothioate oligonucleotide that is complementary to human cytomegalovirus (CMV) immediate-early (IE) RNA and that exhibits potent and specific antiviral activity against CMV in cell culture assays. Specific assay systems were developed to separately characterize the antisense and nonantisense components of the antiviral activity(More)
Genetic and biochemical studies have provided convincing evidence that the 5' noncoding region (5' NCR) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is highly conserved among viral isolates worldwide and that translation of HCV is directed by an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) located within the 5' NCR. We have investigated inhibition of HCV gene expression using(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the major cause of non-A, non-B hepatitis worldwide. Current treatments are not curative for most infected individuals, and there is an urgent need for both novel therapeutic agents and small-animal models which can be used to evaluate candidate drugs. A small-animal model of HCV gene expression was developed with recombinant(More)
We describe our initial application of a biochemical strategy, comprising combinatorial screening and rational optimization, which directly identifies oligonucleotides with maximum affinity (per unit length), specificity, and rates of hybridization to structurally preferred sites on folded RNA, to the problem of design of antisense oligonucleotides active(More)
Papillomaviruses induce benign proliferative lesions, such as genital warts, in humans. The E2 gene product is thought to play a major role in the regulation of viral transcription and DNA replication and may represent a rational target for an antisense oligonucleotide drug action. Phosphorothioate oligonucleotides complementary to E2 mRNAs were synthesized(More)
Apicomplexan parasites are major pathogens of humans and domesticated animals. The ability of these organisms to evade the host immune response and the emergence of drug-resistant parasites indicates a need for the identification of novel control strategies. Ideally, selected targets should be shared by a range of apicomplexans and fundamental to parasite(More)
Acknowledgments The authors greatly appreciate the contributions of C. of the General Dynamics Corporation for their geometric denitions, reference information, and general technical insight concerning this investigation. iii Summary An investigation has been made at Mach numbers of 1.60 to 2.16 to determine the longitudinal and lateral-directional(More)
Three experiments were conducted with broiler chicks to investigate the effect of dietary additions of NaHCO3(1%), A1(OH)3(.5%), kaolin(1%), A1(OH)2NaCO3(.23%), CaCO3(.37%), and MgO(1%) on gain, efficiency, duodenal pH, and liver Cu concentration of Eimeria acervulina-infected chicks. Experimental coccidial infection consistently reduced chick gain,(More)
Apicomplexan parasites are major pathogens of humans and domesticated animals. A fundamental aspect of apicomplexan biology, which may provide novel molecular targets for parasite control, is the regulation of stage differentiation. Studies carried out on Theileria annulata, a bovine apicomplexan parasite, have provided evidence that a stochastic process(More)
Four controlled trials with growing pigs were performed to determine efficacy of doramectin against natural and induced populations of nematodes. In Trial 1 (T1), 20 pigs with natural infections were assigned to one of two like groups on the basis of weight, sex and worm egg counts. In Trial 2 (T2), 20 pigs with negative worm egg counts were assigned to one(More)