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Degradation of type I collagen, the most abundant collagen, is initiated by collagenase cleavage at a highly conserved site between Gly775 and Ile776 of the alpha 1 (I) chain. Mutations at or around this site render type I collagen resistant to collagenase digestion in vitro. We show here that mice carrying a collagenase-resistant mutant Col1a-1 transgene(More)
STAR-Vote is a collaboration between a number of academics and the Travis County (Austin), Texas elections office, which currently uses a DRE voting system and previously used an optical scan voting system. STAR-Vote represents a rare opportunity for a variety of sophisticated technologies, such as end-to-end cryptography and risk limiting audits, to be(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) stimulates bone resorption by acting directly on osteoblasts/stromal cells and then indirectly to increase differentiation and function of osteoclasts. PTH acting on osteoblasts/stromal cells increases collagenase gene transcription and synthesis. To assess the role of collagenase in the bone resorptive actions of PTH, we used mice(More)
Collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase 1) cleaves type I, II, and III collagen helices at a specific site between Gly-Ile or Gly-Leu bonds (residues 775 and 776, P1-P1'). To understand the mechanism of collagen processing, mutations around the cleavage site have been introduced into the cloned murine pro alpha 1(I) collagen (Col1a1) gene. These mutant(More)
Mouse CCL8 is a CC chemokine of the monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP) family whose biological activity and receptor usage have remained elusive. Here we show that CCL8 is highly expressed in the skin, where it serves as an agonist for the chemokine receptor CCR8 but not for CCR2. This distinguishes CCL8 from all other MCP chemokines. CCL8(More)
Expression of a constitutively active PTH/PTHrP receptor in cells of osteoblast lineage in vivo (CL2+) causes increases in trabecular bone volume and trabecular bone formation and, conversely, a decrease in the periosteal mineral apposition rate. Collagenase-3 (matrix metalloprotease-13) is a downstream target of PTH action. To investigate the relevance of(More)
Type III collagen is a fibrillar forming collagen comprising three alpha1(III) chains and is expressed in early embryos and throughout embryogenesis. In the adult, type III collagen is a major component of the extracellular matrix in a variety of internal organs and skin. Mutations in the COL3A1 gene have been implicated as a cause of type IV Ehlers-Danlos(More)
Vertebrate collagenases, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), cleave type I collagen at a single helical locus. We show here that rodent interstitial collagenases (MMP-13), but not human fibroblast collagenase (MMP-1), cleave type I collagen at an additional aminotelopeptide locus. Collagenase cDNAs and chimeric constructs in pET-3d, juxtaposing MMP-13(More)
Mice carrying a targeted mutation (r) in Col1a1, encoding a collagenase-resistant form of type I collagen, have altered skeletal remodeling. In hematoxylin and eosin-stained paraffin sections, we detect empty lacunae in osteocytes in calvariae from Col1a1(r/r) mice at age 2 weeks, increasing through age 10-12 months. Empty lacunae appear to result from(More)
Subcutaneous implantation of osmotic pumps into CAF1 mice resulted in the formation of thick fibrous capsules around the pumps. When pumps were loaded with recombinant murine gamma-interferon (rMuIFN-gamma) to deliver 2 X 10(3) U/h for 14 d, there was a marked decrease in thickness and collagen content of the capsules from rMuIFN-gamma-treated animals(More)