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BACKGROUND Breast cancers lacking the estrogen receptor (ER) can be distinguished from other breast cancers on the basis of poor prognosis, high grade, distinctive histopathology and unique molecular signatures. These features further distinguish estrogen receptor negative (ER-) tumor subtypes, but targeted therapy is currently limited to tumors(More)
Steroid hormones and their metabolising enzymes have been studied extensively for their potential role in prostate cancer, with more recent interest in the androgen/estrogen inactivating enzyme 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 4 (HSD17B4). Gene expression profiling showed HSD17B4 to be significantly overexpressed in prostate cancer compared to(More)
We have previously shown that during pregnancy the E-twenty-six (ETS) transcription factor ELF5 directs the differentiation of mammary progenitor cells toward the estrogen receptor (ER)-negative and milk producing cell lineage, raising the possibility that ELF5 may suppress the estrogen sensitivity of breast cancers. To test this we constructed inducible(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen is a pivotal regulator of cell proliferation in the normal breast and breast cancer. Endocrine therapies targeting the estrogen receptor are effective in breast cancer, but their success is limited by intrinsic and acquired resistance. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS With the goal of gaining mechanistic insights into estrogen action and(More)
The oncoprotein c-Myc is frequently overexpressed in breast cancer and ectopic expression in breast cancer cell lines attenuates responses to antiestrogen treatment. Here, we review preliminary data aimed at further elucidating a potential role for c-Myc in clinical endocrine resistance in breast cancer. Immunohistochemical and semi-quantitative PCR(More)
Digestible carbohydrates are one of the main sources of dietary energy in infancy and childhood and are essential for growth and development. The aim of this narrative review is to outline the intakes of digestible carbohydrates and their role in health and disease, including the development of food preferences, as well the consequences of excess(More)
Infant formula containing galacto-and fructo-oligosaccharides and Bifidobacterium breve M-16V supports adequate growth and tolerance in healthy infants in a randomised, controlled, double-blind, prospective, multicentre study Abstract The objective of the present study was to evaluate the growth and tolerance in healthy, term infants consuming a synbiotic(More)
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