Mikael Skurnik

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The crystal structure of the recombinant collagen-binding domain of Yersinia adhesin YadA from Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:3 was solved at 1.55 A resolution. The trimeric structure is composed of head and neck regions, and the collagen binding head region is a novel nine-coiled left-handed parallel beta-roll. Before the beta-roll, the polypeptide(More)
A chromosomally encoded protein, which mediates invasion into HeLa cells was recently identified in Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. The role of this protein (invasin) in the virulence process was not, however, investigated. We show that mutation of the invasin gene in Y. pseudotuberculosis abolishes the ability of the bacteria to invade HeLa cells. When mice(More)
One of the most virulent and feared bacterial pathogens is Yersinia pestis, the aetiologic agent of bubonic plague. Characterization of the O-antigen gene clusters of 21 serotypes of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and the cryptic O-antigen gene cluster of Y. pestis showed that the plague bacillus is most closely related to and has evolved from Y.(More)
Leukocyte migration from the blood to tissues is a prerequisite for normal immune responses. We produced mice deficient in an endothelial cell-surface oxidase (amine oxidase, copper containing-3 [AOC3], also known as vascular adhesion protein-1 [VAP-1]) and found that this enzyme is needed for leukocyte extravasation in vivo. Real-time imaging shows that(More)
The low-calcium response (lcr) is strongly conserved among the pathogenic Yersinia species and is observed when the pathogen is grown at 37 degrees C in Ca(2+)-depleted medium. This response is characterized by a general metabolic downshift and by a specific induction of virulence-plasmid-encoded yop genes. Regulation of yop expression is exerted at(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the major component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Although much attention has been given to the biological effects of its lipid A portion, a great body of evidence indicates that its O chain polysaccharide (O antigen) portion plays an important role in the bacterium-host interplay. In this work we have studied(More)
Many pathogens are equipped with factors providing resistance against the bactericidal action of complement. Yersinia enterocolitica, a Gram-negative enteric pathogen with invasive properties, efficiently resists the deleterious action of human complement. The major Y. enterocolitica serum resistance determinants include outer membrane proteins YadA and(More)
The YadA surface protein of enteropathogenic Yersinia species contains two highly hydrophobic regions: one close to the amino terminal, and the other at the carboxy-terminal end of the YadA polypeptide. To study the role of these hydrophobic regions, we constructed 66 bp deletion mutants of the yadA genes of Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:3 strain(More)
We report the complete genome sequence (38,208 bp) of bacteriophage T3 and provide a bioinformatic comparative analysis with other completely sequenced members of the T7 group of phages. This comparison suggests that T3 has evolved from a recombinant between a T7-like coliphage and a yersiniophage. To assess this, recombination between T7 and the Yersinia(More)