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We measured the time course of light adaptation in foveal vision following the onset of an adapting background. Several adaptational steps in the low to mid photopic range were examined. The time course of multiplicative and subtractive components of the adaptation were extracted from the data. Unlike previous findings there were no subtractive changes for(More)
The cleavage of cumene hydroperoxide, in the presence of sulfuric acid, to form phenol and acetone has been examined by adiabatic calorimetry. As expected, acid can catalyze cumene hydroperoxide reaction at temperatures below that of thermally-induced decomposition. At elevated acid concentrations, reactivity is also observed at or below room temperature.(More)
We present a computer-controlled scanning electroporation method. Adherent cells are electroporated using an electrolyte-filled capillary in contact with an electrode. The capillary can be scanned over a cell culture and locally deliver both an electric field and an electroporation agent to the target area without affecting surrounding cells. The(More)
We here report on a concept for creating well-defined electric field gradients between the boundaries of capillary electrode (a capillary of a nonconducting material equipped with an interior metal electrode) outlets, and dielectric surfaces. By keeping a capillary electrode opening close to a boundary between a conducting solution and a nonconducting(More)
The reactivity of sodium borohydride in the presence of other species has been examined by adiabatic calorimetry. In combination with water, sodium borohydride exhibits an exotherm at room temperature accompanied by generation of gas (presumed to be hydrogen). Addition of potassium hydroxide to a sodium borohydride-water mixture is found to stabilize the(More)
The development of rapid, robust and high performance point-of-care diagnostics relies on the advancement and combination of various areas of research. We have developed an assay for the detection of multiple mRNA molecules that combines DNA nanotechnology with fluorescent nanomaterials. The core switching mechanism is toehold-mediated strand displacement.(More)
Proton pumping nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase from Escherichia coli contains an alpha subunit with the NAD(H)-binding domain I and a beta subunit with the NADP(H)-binding domain III. The membrane domain (domain II) harbors the proton channel and is made up of the hydrophobic parts of the alpha and beta subunits. The interface in domain II between(More)
Adiabatic calorimetry performed on butadiene-derived popcorn polymer samples from industrial facilities has revealed exothermic behavior accompanied by non-condensible gas production, indicative of possible decomposition, at elevated temperatures. In the presence of low concentrations of 1,3-butadiene, reactivity is observed at temperatures of 60-70 degrees(More)
Samples of various iron oxides suspended above ethylene oxide in an adiabatic calorimeter exhibit exothermic activity at temperatures as low as room temperature. A gamma-Fe(2)O(3) sample was found to show the highest reactivity with ethylene oxide. Ethylene oxide in combination with most of the iron oxide fines tested displayed exothermic activity below 100(More)
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