Mikael Ghennet Tesfagabir

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Doppler US to measure abdominal blood flow velocities (ABFV) is increasingly used to investigate intestinal haemodynamics in several clinical conditions in neonates. Studies that provide reference values of ABFV during the entire neonatal period are currently lacking. To make available normal reference values of ABFV and Doppler indices in the coeliac trunk(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) is a glycoprotein that regulates many functions of an organism: It stimulates the production of red blood cells and it has angiogenic and neuroprotective properties in newborn infants. Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a frequent cause of visual impairment in preterm newborn infants and it has two distinct phases in which(More)
OBJECTIVE Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a multifactorial disease whose pathogenesis is organized in two phases. We hypothesized that postnatal risk factors may differently exert their effect in a phase dependent way. METHODS Data obtained from medical records of 93 very low birth weight neonates with stage ≥ 3 ROP were analyzed. Perinatal ROP risk(More)
PURPOSE This study assessed the effectiveness of the use of ketorolac tromethamine to reduce retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) incidence and its progression to more severe forms. METHODS Forty-seven preterm newborn infants with a birth weight (BW) of 1,000 grams or less and/or a gestational age (GA) of 29 weeks or less were enrolled in the study when(More)
BACKGROUND There is no agreement to define the target FiO2 to adopt in the lung recruitment phase during HFOV in preterm infants. We report our experience of an optimal lung volume strategy (OLVS), defined as FiO2≤0.25 during the recruitment phase, in a cohort of neonates with gestational age (GA) ≤27 weeks treated with elective HFOV for respiratory(More)
UNLABELLED HYPOTHESIS/ INTRODUCTION: In the neonatal period, many factors may interfere with aldosterone production but data currently available are few and controversial. In this study we aim to assess the early urinary aldosterone excretion (UAE) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and to identify some possible clinical and biochemical variables that(More)
BACKGROUND In neonatology the role of chest physiotherapy is still uncertain because of the controversial outcomes. METHODS The aim of this study was to test the applicability in preterm infants of 'reflex rolling', from the Vojta method, in preterm neonates with lung pathology, with particular attention to the effects on blood gases and oxygen(More)
“Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage. Each individual learns the application of the word through experiences related to injury in early life”[1]. It is now clear that premature and full-term newborns have the neuroanatomical pathways from the periphery(More)
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