Mikael Chéramy

Learn More
BACKGROUND The 65-kD isoform of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) is a major autoantigen in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. This trial assessed the ability of alum-formulated GAD (GAD-alum) to reverse recent-onset type 1 diabetes in patients 10 to 18 years of age. METHODS We randomly assigned 70 patients with type 1 diabetes who had fasting(More)
We have previously shown that two injections of 20 μg GAD-alum to recent onset type 1 diabetic children induced GADA levels in parallel to preservation of insulin secretion. Here we investigated if boosted GADA induced changes in IgG1, 2, 3 and 4 subclass distributions or affected GAD(65) enzyme activity. We further studied the specific effect of GAD-alum(More)
A phase II clinical trial with glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) 65 formulated with aluminium hydroxide (GAD-alum) has shown efficacy in preserving residual insulin secretion in children and adolescents with recent-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D). We have performed a 4-year follow-up study of 59 of the original 70 patients to investigate long-term cellular and(More)
Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD)(65) formulated with aluminium hydroxide (GAD-alum) was effective in preserving insulin secretion in a Phase II clinical trial in children and adolescents with recent-onset type 1 diabetes. In addition, GAD-alum treated patients increased CD4(+) CD25(hi) forkhead box protein 3(+) (FoxP3(+)) cell numbers in response to(More)
Previous studies have indicated phenotypical differences in glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 autoantibodies (GADA) found in type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients, individuals at risk of developing T1D and stiff-person syndrome (SPS) patients. In a Phase II trial using aluminium-formulated GAD(65) (GAD-alum) as an immunomodulator in T1D, several patients responded(More)
Administration of Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase (GAD)65 formulated in aluminium hydroxide preserved insulin secretion in a phase II trial in recent onset Type 1 Diabetes. A subsequent European phase III trial was closed at 15months after failing to reach primary endpoint, but the majority of the Swedish patients completed the 21months follow-up. We studied(More)
AIMS We have previously shown that two injections of glutamic acid decarboxylase formulated in alum (GAD-alum) preserved residual insulin secretion in children and adolescents with recent onset type 1 diabetes (T1D), and was accompanied by increased GAD autoantibody (GADA) titers. The aim of this study was to investigate whether GAD-alum treatment affected(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to analyse data from two different studies (phase II and phase III) regarding the safety and efficacy of treatment with alum formulated glutamic acid decarboxylase GAD65 (GAD-alum) at 30 months after administration to children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. METHODS The phase II trial was a double-blind, randomised(More)
CD4CD25 T cells are thought to be crucial for the maintenance of immunological tolerance to self antigens. In this study, we investigated the frequencies of these cells in the early stage of type 1 diabetes, as well as in a setting of possible pre-diabetic autoimmunity. Hence, the expression of FOXP3, CTLA-4, and CD27 in CD4 CD25 T cells was analyzed using(More)
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a serious autoimmune disease which increases worldwide and affects children at a young age, but there still is no cure available. Clinical intervention trials in recent onset T1D patients are therefore very important, since even a modest preservation of β-cell function has proven to reduce end-organ complications. Glutamic acid(More)