Mikael Bodelsson

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STUDY OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to investigate the receptor events that mediate the vascular effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) on human coronary arteries, since 5-HT has long been thought to play a role in coronary artery vasospasm. DESIGN Recently available selective receptor agonists and antagonists were used to examine the 5-HT receptor(More)
BACKGROUND A diagnosis of malignant hyperthermia susceptibility by in vitro contraction testing can often only be performed at specialized laboratories far away from where patients live. Therefore, we have designed a protocol for genetic screening of the RYR1-cDNA and for functional testing of newly identified ryanodine receptor 1 (RYR1) gene variants in B(More)
Antimicrobial peptides have been evaluated in vitro and in vivo as alternatives to conventional antibiotics. Apart from being antimicrobial, the native human cathelicidin-derived peptide LL-37 (amino acids [aa] 104 to 140 of the human cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide) also binds and neutralizes bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and might therefore have(More)
Bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are important triggers of the widespread inflammatory response, which contributes to the development of multiple organ failure during sepsis. The helical 37-amino-acid-long human antimicrobial peptide LL-37 not only possesses a broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity but also binds and neutralizes LPS. However, the use of(More)
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are structurally heterogeneous negatively charged polysaccharides. Endothelial GAGs, also known as glycocalyx, are involved in capillary permeability. In rat venules stimulated with proinflammatory substances ex vivo, the GAG-containing proteoglycan, syndecan-1, is shed from the endothelium. We wanted to investigate if we could(More)
BACKGROUND Lipopolysaccharides (LPS), released by Gram-negative bacteria, cause vascular expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) leading to nitric oxide (NO) production and septic shock. Human cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide (LL-37) can bind and neutralize LPS. We wanted to study whether LL-37 affects LPS or interleukin-1beta(More)
1. The objective of the present study was to investigate human omental arteries and veins with respect to: (i) the contractile effect of the thromboxane A2 analogue U46619, (ii) endothelium-dependency and mediators of the relaxing effect of substance P (SP) and acetylcholine (ACh). 2. Changes in isometric tension in response to administration of U46619, SP(More)
Eosinophils participate in allergic inflammation and may have roles in the body's defense against helminthic infestation. Even under noninflammatory conditions, eosinophils are present in the mucosa of the large intestine, where large numbers of gram-negative bacteria reside. Therefore, roles for eosinophils in host defenses against bacterial invasion are(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant hyperthermia susceptibility is diagnosed using an in vitro contracture test (IVCT). In families in which the mutation is known, genetic tests are also available. The inheritance pattern is regarded as autosomal dominant, which predicts equal proportions of men and women affected. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there(More)
BACKGROUND The anaesthetic conserving device AnaConDa (ACD) reflects exhaled anaesthetic agents thereby facilitating the use of inhaled anaesthetic agents outside operating theatres. Expired CO₂ is, however, also reflected causing a dead space effect in excess of the ACD internal volume. CO₂ reflection from the ACD is attenuated by humidity. This study(More)