Mika Yamawaki

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate morphologic changes in small endoneurial vessels in patients with autoimmune demyelinative neuropathy and antiglycosphyngolipid antibodies. BACKGROUND Although a humoral immune cause has been postulated for various demyelinating neuropathies, the mechanism by which large molecules like immunoglobulins can traverse the blood-nerve(More)
AIMS In order to determine the prevalence of dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), we conducted a population-based study in Japan. METHODS Participants included 924 subjects aged 65 years or older who resided in the town of Ama-cho. In phase 1 of the study, the Mini-Mental State Examination and Clinical Dementia Rating were administered for(More)
Treatment of cultured bovine brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) with interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta), an inflammatory cytokine, was shown to induce the accumulation of sulfoglucuronosyl paragloboside (SGPG), a glycolipid bearing the HNK-1 epitope. This resulted in the attachment of a greater number of human lymphocytes to the treated than to the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM To determine the prevalence and incidence of Parkinson's disease (PD) and compare them with results from our previous studies. METHODS We examined epidemiological characteristics of PD patients using a service-based study in Yonago City, and a door-to-door study in Daisen Town. The prevalence days were April 1, 2004 in Yonago, and April 1,(More)
We have studied the glycolipid composition of human cataractous lenses. Neutral and acidic lipid fractions were isolated by column chromatographies on DEAE-Sephadex and Iatrobeads. The neutral glycolipid fraction and acidic glycolipid fraction contained 0.6-0.9 micrograms of lipid-bound glucose (Glc) per mg of protein and 0.8-1.3 micrograms of lipid-bound(More)
Using an in vitro blood-nerve barrier (BNB) model, the authors tested the effect of various monoclonal antiganglioside antibodies on BNB function. Only anti-GM1 antibody significantly facilitated BNB leakage in a concentration-dependent, complement-independent manner. This study provided evidence that anti-GM1 antibody, frequently detected in sera from(More)
Two lectins (HOL-I and HOL-II) were isolated from the marine sponge Halichondria okadai by affinity chromatography on a bovine submaxillary mucin (BSM)-Toyopearl and an acid-treated Sepharose 4B columns, respectively. In hemagglutination inhibition assays, GlcNAc, GalNAc, and their methyl glycosides were the most potent inhibitors among the monosaccharides(More)