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Biphenyl dioxygenase (Bph Dox) is responsible for the initial dioxygenation step during the metabolism of biphenyl. The large subunit (BphA1) of Bph Dox plays a crucial role in the determination of the substrate specificity of biphenyl-related compounds, including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Based on crystallographic analyses of naphthalene(More)
An alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase (EC from the culture fluid of Rhodotorula flava IFO 0407 grown on beet arabinan as a carbon source has been highly purified. The purified enzyme has a pH optimum of 2.0. The enzyme is unusually acid stable, retaining 82% of its activity after being maintained for 24 h at pH 1.5 and at 30 degrees C. The apparent Km(More)
The reactivity of previously prepared antiserum against agatharesinol, a norlignan, was determined by competitive inhibition–ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) using several natural compounds that are representative of plant extractives as competitive inhibitors. The antiserum strongly reacted with some norlignans (i.e., agatharesinol, hinokiresinol,(More)
A novel FAD-dependent glucose dehydrogenase (FAD-GDH) was found and its enzymatic property for glucose sensing was characterized. FAD-GDH oxidized glucose in the presence of some artificial electron acceptors, except for O2, and exhibited thermostability, high substrate specificity and a large Michaelis constant for glucose. FAD-GDH was applied to an(More)
1. Alectinib is a highly selective, central nervous system-active small molecule anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor. 2. The absolute bioavailability, metabolism, excretion and pharmacokinetics of alectinib were studied in a two-period single-sequence crossover study. A 50 μg radiolabelled intravenous microdose of alectinib was co-administered with a(More)
One strain of Antarctic bacteria, Flavobacterium xanthum IAM12026, has a highly active antifreeze protein (AFP) in the intracellular space. The cell-free extract from strain IAM12026 after culturing at 4 degree C for 7 days in TSB medium, had activity of 0.04 degree C at a concentration of 0.7 mg/ml. The ice crystals formed do not have distinct facets(More)
Biphenyl dioxygenase (Bph Dox) catalyzes initial oxygenation in the bacterial biphenyl degradation pathway. Bph Dox in Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707 is a Rieske type three-component enzyme in which a large subunit (encoded by the bphA1 gene) plays an important role in the substrate specificity of Bph Dox. Steady-state kinetic assays using purified(More)
Novel hybrid hyaluronan (HA) hydrogel encapsulating nanogels was designed for sustained delivery of protein. HA modified with 2-aminoethyl methacrylate was cross-linked via Michael addition in the presence of cholesteryl group-bearing pullulan (CHP) nanogels. The nanogels were physically entrapped and well dispersed in a three-dimensional network of(More)
The Arctic plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium Pseudomonas putida GR12-2 secretes an antifreeze protein (AFP) that promotes survival at subzero temperatures. The AFP is unusual in that it also exhibits a low level of ice nucleation activity. A DNA fragment with an open reading frame encoding 473 amino acids was cloned by PCR and inverse PCR using primers(More)
Abstract 1. The metabolism and drug-drug interaction (DDI) risk of tofogliflozin, a potent and highly specific sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, were evaluated by in vitro studies using human liver microsomes, human hepatocytes, and recombinant human CYPs. 2. The main metabolite of tofogliflozin was the carboxylated derivative (M1) in human(More)
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