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Multiple genetic subtypes and intersubtype recombinant strains have been identified among isolates of HIV-1. The greatest diversity of strains has been recovered from Central Africa, where mixtures of subtypes and recombinant forms have been recovered. However, many of the HIV-1 subtypes and recombinants have been characterized by partial rather than(More)
MOTIVATION Genetic analysis of HIV-1 is important not only for vaccine development, but also to guide treatment strategies, track the emergence of new viral variants and ensure that diagnostic assays are contemporary and fully optimized. However, most genotyping methods are laborious and complex, and involve the use of multiple software applications. Here,(More)
For reliable classification of HIV-1 strains appropriate reference sequences are needed. The HIV-1 genetic subtype F has a wide geographic spread, causing significant epidemics in South America, Africa, and some regions of Europe. Previously only two full-length sequences of each of the HIV-1 subtype F subclusters F1 and F2 have been described. To extend(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the molecular epidemiology and genetic structure of the virus strain(s) causing an outbreak of HIV-1 infection in the Kaliningrad province of the Russian Federation and to investigate the relationship of this outbreak to some other emerging HIV-1 epidemics in the countries of the former Soviet Union. DESIGN A molecular(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates of envelope genotype E are contributing substantially to the global pandemic. These strains appear to be mosaics, with the gag gene from clade A and the envelope from clade E; the parental clade E strain has not been found. Here we report the first full genomic sequence of one such mosaic virus, isolate CM240(More)
Members of HIV-1 group M are responsible for the vast majority of AIDS cases worldwide and have been classified on the basis of their phylogenetic relationships into nine roughly equidistant clades, termed subtypes. Although there are no known phenotypic correlates for these genotypes, the disproportionate spread of certain of these lineages has been taken(More)
OBJECTIVE To improve our understanding of the genetic complexity of HIV-1 subtype A by increasing the number of subtype A isolates that have been sequenced in their entirety. METHODS Nine HIV-1-seropositive patients from Africa living in Sweden contributed peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) for this study. Sequencing of the C2-V3 region of env had(More)
Phylogenetic tree analysis was performed on selected polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified and sequenced regions of the gag and env reading frames of several Ethiopian and Swedish human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) strains. These regions are considered to be conserved parts of the HIV-1 genome and correspond to the p7 of the core (gag) and part(More)