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mCAR (mouse constitutive androstane receptor; NR1I3) controls the expression of cytochrome P450 as well as other enzymes involved in drug and steroid metabolism. The high basal activity of mCAR can be modulated by inhibitory steroids related to androstenol and by activating xenobiotic chemicals such as 1,4-bis-[2-(3,5-dichloropyridyloxy)]benzene and(More)
The effects of maternal cigarette smoking on the transcriptome of human full-term placentas were investigated by a microarray analysis. QPCR was performed for a selected set of metabolizing genes. Differentially expressed genes were selected by fold change (+/-1.5-fold) and analysis of variance (P<0.05) between the control and smoker groups. The expression(More)
Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) regulates drug transfer between posterior eye segment and blood circulation, but there is no established RPE cell model for drug delivery studies. We evaluated ARPE-19 filter culture model for this purpose. Passive permeability of 6-carboxyfluorescein, betaxolol and FITC-dextran (40kDa) and active transport of(More)
BACKGROUND Here we report on studies that probe whether the intracellular kinetics of plasmid DNA (pDNA) and cell surface glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are modified during the cell cycle in a way that can be correlated with changes in gene transfer efficiency with poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) and poly-L-lysine (PLL) polyplexes. METHODS Synchronized D407 retinal(More)
The intracellular limiting steps in non-viral gene delivery are still unclear. The purpose of this study was to quantize intracellular DNA release and elimination kinetics after transfection with various non-viral carriers (calcium phosphate precipitates, branched poly(ethyleneimine), poly-L-lysine, DOTAP, DOTAP/DOPE) and to correlate these factors with(More)
Numerous studies have highlighted the key roles of oxidative stress and inflammation in aging-related diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and Alzheimer's disease (AD). In aging cells, the natural antioxidant capacity decreases and the overall efficiency of reparative systems against cell damage becomes(More)
WERI-Rb1 retinoblastoma (Rb) cell line, a human photoreceptor model, is notoriously difficult to transfect. Culturing of the WERI-Rb1 cells as a monolayer is complicated and cells are easily detached during transfection. Furthermore, transfection efficiencies in monolayer and in suspension are moderate at best which has limited the analysis of(More)
We have studied retina-specific gene expression and gene promoter activity in WERI-Rb1 retinoblastoma cells. In general, the expression of endogenous genes matched the efficiency of promoter activity of the transfected gene: interphotoreceptor retinoid binding protein and phosphodiesterase-beta mRNAs and reporter activities were readily detected while other(More)
Caco-2 cell line is extensively used as an in vitro model in studying small intestinal absorption but it lacks proper expression of efflux pumps and cytochrome P450 enzymes that are involved in absorption and first pass metabolism of drugs. We created two novel Caco-2 cell lines expressing orphan nuclear receptors pregnane X receptor and constitutive(More)
PURPOSE In this work, we investigated the ability of pinosylvin (PS), 3,5-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene, to modulate oxidative stress in human RPE cells. PS, a stilbenoid polyphenol, occurs in high concentrations in bark byproducts and therefore represents an attractive bioactive compound for health-promoting applications. METHODS First, we evaluated the(More)