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BACKGROUND Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in young children is most commonly associated with viral infections; however, the role of viruses in CAP of school-age children is still inconclusive. METHODS Seventy-five school-age children hospitalized with CAP were prospectively evaluated for the presence of viral and bacterial pathogens. Nasopharyngeal(More)
AIMS Low-grade inflammation might mediate associations between size at birth, early life growth, excessive weight gain, and subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease in adult life. Our aim was to investigate relationships between fetal growth, weight over the life course, and low-grade inflammation measured by serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP)(More)
The metabolic cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors of women with self-reported oligomenorrhea and/or hirsutism, which are symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), were investigated in a general population-based Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 Study to determine whether women with PCOS symptoms at 31 yr would be distinguishable from asymptomatic(More)
Simkania negevensis, a recently found Chlamydia-like organism, has been associated with bronchiolitis and pneumonia in children. S. negevensis findings have been common also in healthy, non-symptomatic subjects. Antibodies to S. negevensis were measured by microimmunofluorescence in 174 frozen paired sera obtained from children with community acquired(More)
We report an investigation for 16 bacteria and viruses among 184 children hospitalized with pneumonia in Salvador, Brazil. Etiology was established in 144 (78%) cases. Viral, bacterial, and mixed infections were found in 110 (60%), 77 (42%), and 52 (28%) patients, respectively. Rhinovirus (21%) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (21%) were the most common(More)
Low-grade, systemic inflammation is related to increased risk of cardiovascular disease in adults. The proinflammatory state tracks from adolescence to adulthood. Identifying correlates of inflammation in adolescents could provide opportunities to prevent cardiovascular disease in adulthood. However, population-based data on correlates of inflammation in(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the serological association between previous Chlamydia trachomatis infection and subfertility in a general population sample. A nested case (n = 493)-control (n = 986) study in a population-based birth cohort consisting of 12,058 live births from the year 1966 was conducted. The analysis was restricted to those 6007(More)
OBJECTIVE Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) has been shown to inhibit infection of host cells by Chlamydia pneumoniae in vitro. We studied if MBL levels and MBL2 polymorphisms associate with the presence of C. pneumoniae antibodies in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the MBL2 gene (promoter alleles H/L, X/Y and P/Q; and(More)
A promoter polymorphism -174 G/C in the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene has been associated with differences in serum IL-6 levels and a risk for inflammatory conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases. We investigated whether this polymorphism is associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae, a common causative agent of respiratory infection with(More)